Dictionaries and Concordances

1. Dictionaries

Bosworth, Joseph and T. Northcote Toller. An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1882-98. T.N. Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary . . . Supplement. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1908-21. Alistair Campbell, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary . . . Enlarged Addenda and Corrigenda. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972 (in recent reprints, bound into the Supplement). Maddening, but currently the most complete dictionary. Users should remember always to check the dictionary and both supplements.

Cameron, Angus et al. Dictionary of Old English. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Medieval Studies, 1986-  . This dictionary will supersede Bosworth-Toller (previous item). It is printed on microfiche; letters a-e are now available.

* Clark Hall, John R. A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. 4th ed. with supplement by Herbert D. Meritt. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1970. Recently reprinted by the U of Toronto P in the series Medieval Academy Reprints for Teaching. The best dictionary for students. There's often a copy or two in the U.Va. Bookstore.

2. Concordances

Note:Those in need of a concordance will be better served by the Dictionary of Old English Electonic Corpus (available for use at U.Va.) than by any printed book.

Bessinger, Jess. B. A Concordance to the Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records. Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP.

Healey, Antonette diPaolo and R.L. Venezky. A Microfiche Concordance to Old English. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1980. A concordance to the entire corpus of Old English (poetry, prose and Old English glosses to Latin texts). Excludes only the most common "grammar" words.

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