Meter

* Bliss, A.J. The Metre of Beowulf. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1967. The traditional view, well laid out.

Cable, Thomas. The English Alliterative Tradition. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1991.

Creed, Robert. Reconstructing the Rhythm of Beowulf. Columbia: U of Missouri P, c1990. Another from the oral-formulaic side. Not read; reputed to be poor.

Fulk, R.D. A History of Old English Meter. Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1992. Learned; requires stamina.

Hoover, David L. A New Theory of Old English Meter. New York: Peter Lang, 1985. Read with caution.

Kendall, Calvin B. The Metrical Grammar of 'Beowulf'. Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England, 5. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991.

Pope, John Collins. The Rhythm of Beowulf. 2nd ed. New Haven: Yale UP, 1966. A classic.

* Russom, Geoffrey. Old English Meter and Linguistic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987. For the linguistically minded, a fine explanation of Old English meter.

Sievers, Eduard. Altgermanische Metrik. Halle: Max Niemeyer, 1893. The guy who figured it all out. If you know German, have a look.

Whitman, F. H. A Comparative Study of Old English Metre. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993. Not seen.

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