Hammond Harwood House (1773-74), designed by William Buckland, Annapolis, Maryland

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Beckerdite, Luke. "William Buckland and William Bernard Sears: The Designer and the Carver." Journal of Early Southern Decorative Arts 8 (Nov. 1982): 6-41.

Weeks, Christopher. Two Architects: The Influence of Andrea Palladio on William Buckland . Annapolis , MD : 1984.

Shackel, Paul A. Personal Discipline and Material Culture: An Archaeology of Annapolis, Maryland , 1695-1870 . Knoxville , University of Tennessee Press, 1993.

Trostell, Martin. “The ‘ Annapolis Plan' in Maryland .” In Palladian Studies in America : Building by the Book II . Edited by Mario di Valmarana. Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia , 1986.

Somerville, Wilson . The Tuesday Club of Annapolis as Cultural Performance. Athens : University of Georgia Press, 1996.

Hermann, Bernard. Townhouse: Architecture and Material Life in the Early American City, 1780-1830. Chapel Hill, 2005.

1. Discuss William Buckland's identity as an “architect” in the late eighteenth century. In what ways was his role as designer of the Hammond Harwood House different from that of the master-carpenter in charge of building humbler houses in these same decades? To what extent did the pattern book play a role in the final design of the house?

2. Discuss the Hammond Harwood House as an example of the elite urban dwelling. What accounts for their appearance? In what ways do they form a group of houses distinctive of Annapolis and different from elite urban houses of Charleston from the same years?

3. Use the Stratford Hall Probate Inventories to furnish the house in an elite way. Think about room names, room usage, and what would be typical in an urban, elite home. http://www.gunstonhall.org/probate/inventory.htm

4. Discuss Annapolis as a rising cosmopolitan center in the 18th century.