Lucy Parke Byrd, ca. 1716, by studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller (Private Collection)

Lucy Parke Byrd

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1. This portrait was one of a group commissioned by elite southerners that also portrays a slave. Discuss this group of paintings and speculate why the Byrds might have chosen to have Lucy shown with a slave.

2. Despite the gentility on display in this portrait, she was known to be quite brutal in punishing slaves. Discuss slave punishment in the 18th century.

3. The slave represented in the portrait might be a Native American. Discuss the enslavement of Natives in the early South.

4. The basket under her hand might represent a Native American artifact. This is reinforced by the exotic representation of the slave behind her. Discuss utilitarian objects (like baskets and bowls) made by both Indian and African inhabitants of the South.