"John Greenwood, Sea Captains Carousing in Surinam, ca. 1755"

Sea Captains

Clark, Peter. The English Alehouse, A Social History, 1200-1830. London : Longman, 1983.

Clawson, Mary Ann. Constructing Brotherhood: Class, Gender and Fraternalism. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1989.

Rorobaugh, W. J. The Alcoholic Republic: An American Tradition. Oxford University Press, 1979.

Shackel, Paul A. Personal Discipline and Material Culture: An Archaeology of Annapolis, Maryland, 1695-1870. Knoxville , University of Tennessee Press, 1993.

Salinger, Sharon V. Taverns and drinking in early America. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

Somerville, Wilson. The Tuesday Club of Annapolis as Cultural Performance. Athens : University of Georgia Press, 1996.

Thompson, Peter. Rum Punch and Revolution: Taverngoing & Public Life in Eighteenth-Century Philadelphia. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998.

1. What are the men in this image doing? What does this image tell us about masculine sociability enacted in taverns in the eighteenth century?

2. Study the material objects in this images. What are they and what role did they play in social life in taverns?

3. Use the representation of blacks in this image to address the role of slaves in eighteenth-century "polite" culture.

4. Alcohol plays a central role in this image. What might these men be drinking? Where did various alcoholic beverages come from and how were they consumed?