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   What is the Superfund Cleanup Process and what does it involve?
Congress established a Hazardous Substance Trust Fund, referred to as "Superfund," to pay for responses by the federal government to releases of hazardous substances in cases in which there are no viable potentially responsible parties (PRPs) or the PRPS are unable to pay for the response. In other words, the Superfund exists to pay for clean up, as in emergency actions, and then to pursue the recovery of the clean up costs from the PRPs.

Each Superfund process is unique but the over all process involves identifying the site, assessing the extent of the contamination, and achieve cleanup. These steps are codified in a set of regulations called the National Contingency Plan, and are as follows:

Site Discovery and Notification
Site Assessment
Inclusion on the NPL (National Priorities List), as appropriate.
Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS)
Record of Decision (ROD)
Remedial Design (RD)
Remedial Action (RA)
Long-term Operation and Maintenance (O&M)
Site Deletion
More specific information about the Superfund Process at Central Chemical in Hagerstown is available HERE (XXX.html)

How long will cleanup take, and why has it taken so long up until now?

What is the SRP Pilot Project and how does it fit into the Superfund Process?
The SRP or Superfund Redevelopment Program is a Pilot Program of the EPA designed to assist local governments in participating in the cleanup and reuse of designated Superfund sites. Though a combination of funding and in-kind technical services, SRPs grants facilitae the involvement of the community in developing and implementing reuse plans.

The city of Hagerstown is the recipient of a pilot grant from the SRP program to develop a future landuse recommendation for the 19-acre Central Chemical Superfund site. To satisfy this goall, the city of Hagerstown has developed an 8 month community planning process culminating in a future land use recommendation for the site that incorporates community input on the future of the site. The SRP initiative will run from approximately November-June 2003.

Why is the community being asked to think about the future of the site before we know what the outcome of the Remedial Investigation steps will be?
The EPA’s primary reponsibilty at Superfun sites is to ensure the protection of human health and the environment. Through the Superfund Redevelopment Program, the EPA is also committed to the importance of considering reasonably anticipated future land uses when making remedy decisions at Superfuhn sites, and to ensure that the cleanup of Superfund sites allows for safe reuse for commercial, recreational, ecologica, or other puposes. With forethought and effective planning, communities can return sites to productive use without jeopardizing the effectivensess of the remedy put into place to protect human health and environment.

The EPA’s primary responisbilty is to ensure that both cleanup and future development are safe and appropriate in order to protect human health and the environment. How a site will be reused is determined by the community*.

How is Land Use defined? What are the regulations in exsistance in Hagerstown that govern the Central Chemical site at present?

Are the recommendations developed by the community binding?

Will any of this effect my local or state tax bill?

Where can I get minutes from past meetings or other information related to the Central Chemical Cleanup Process?

What contaminants are on site, at what levels, and how can they affect health?

How safe will the site be after cleanup?

Will the EPA give any assurances to prospective purchasers of contaminated property?
Info from the EPA site only relates to prospective buyers in terms of liability while site is undergoing treatment. Sidesteps adjacent communities’ concerns

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