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In Press

La Fleur, C.G., Salthouse, T.A. (In Press). Which Aspects of Social Support Are Associated With Which Cognitive Abilities for Which People? Journals of Gerontology B Psychological Sciences.

Soubelet, A., & Salthouse, T. A. (In Press). Does Need for Cognition Have the Same Meaning at Different Ages? Assessment.

Salthouse, T. A. (In Press). Item Analyses of Memory Differences. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology.

2017

Salthouse, T.A. (2017). Contributions of the Individual Differences Approach to Cognitive Aging. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 72(1), 7-15.

Salthouse, T.A. (2017). Shared and unique influences on age-related cognitive change. Neuropsychology, 31(1), 11-19.

2016

Lee, S., Habeck, C., Qolamreza, R., Salthouse, T.A. (2016). Selective association between cortical thickness and reference abilities in normal aging. Neuroimage, 142, 293-300.

Salthouse, T.A. (2016). Little relation of adult age with cognition after controlling general influences. Developmental Psychology, 52(10), 1545-1554.

Rowell, S.F., Green, J.S., Teachman, B.A., Salthouse, T.A. (2016). Age does not matter: Memory complaints are related to negative affect throughout adulthood. Aging and Mental Health, 20(12), 1255-1263.

Kaufman, A.S., Salthouse, T.A., Scheiber, C., Chen, H. (2016). Age Differences and Educational Attainment Across the Life Span on Three Generations of Wechsler Adult Scales. Journal of PsychoEducational Assessment, 34(5), 421-441.

Crawford, L. E., Landy, D., & Salthouse, T. A. (2016). Spatial Working Memory Capacity Predicts Bias in Estimates of Location. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.

Habeck, C., Gazes, Y., Razlighi, Q., Steffener, J., Brickman, A., Barulli, D., Salthouse, T., Stern, Y. (2016). The Reference Ability Neural Network Study: Life-time stability of reference-ability neural networks derived from task maps of young adults. NeuroImage, 125, 693-704.

Meissel, E. E., & Salthouse, T. A. (2016). Relations of naturally occurring variations in state anxiety and cognitive functioning. Personality and Individual Differences, 98, 85-90.

Salthouse, T. A. (2016). Aging Cognition Unconfounded by Prior Test Experience. GERONB The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 71(1), 49-58.

Salthouse, T. A. (2016). Continuity of cognitive change across adulthood. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Psychon Bull Rev, 23(3), 932-939.

2015

Salthouse, T.A. (2015). Implications of the Flynn effect for age-cognition relations. Intelligence, 48, 51-57.

Salthouse, T.A. (2015). Test Experience Effects in Longitudinal Comparisons of Adult Cognitive Functioning. Developmental Psychology, 51, 1262-1270.

Habeck, C., Steffener, J., Barulli, D., Gazes, Y., Razlighi, Q., Shaked, D., Salthouse, T., Stern, Y. (2015). Making Cognitive Latent Variables Manifest: Distinct Neural Networks for Fluid Reasoning and Processing Speed. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(6), 1249-1258.

Salthouse, T.A. (2015). Do cognitive interventions alter the rate of age-related cognitive change? Intelligence, 53, 86-91.

Salthouse, T. A., Habeck, C., Razlighi, Q., Barulli, D., Gazes, Y., & Stern, Y. (2015). Breadth and age-dependency of relations between cortical thickness and cognition. Neurobiology of Aging, 36(11), 3020-3028.

2014

La Fleur, C. G., & Salthouse, T. A. (2014). Out of sight, out of mind? Relations between visual acuity and cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Psychon Bull Rev, 21(5), 1202-1208.

Salthouse, T. A. (2014). Frequent assessments may obscure cognitive decline. Psychological Assessment, 26(4), 1063-1069.

Salthouse, T. A. (2014). Why Are There Different Age Relations in Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Comparisons of Cognitive Functioning? Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23(4), 252-256.

Salthouse, T. A., & Soubelet, A. (2014). Heterogeneous ability profiles may be a unique indicator of impending cognitive decline. Neuropsychology, 28(5), 812-818.

Siedlecki, K. L., & Salthouse, T. A. (2014). Using contextual analysis to investigate the nature of spatial memory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review Psychon Bull Rev, 21(3), 721-727.

Siedlecki, K. L., Salthouse, T. A., Oishi, S., & Jeswani, S. (2014). The Relationship Between Social Support and Subjective Well-Being Across Age. Social Indicators Research, 117(2), 561-576.

Soubelet, A., Salthouse, T. A., & Oishi, S. (2014). Are there meaningful individual differences in temporal inconsistency in self-reported personality? Personality and Individual Differences, 70, 200-205.

Salthouse, T.A. (2014). Selectivity of attrition in longitudinal studies of cognitive functioning. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 69, 567-574.

Salthouse, T.A. (2014). Correlates of cognitive change. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 1026-1048.

Salthouse, T.A. (2014). Evaluating the correspondence of different cognitive batteries. Assessment, 21, 131-142.

Salthouse, T.A. (2014). Quantity and structure of word knowledge across adulthood. Intelligence, 46, 122-130.

Salthouse, T.A. (2014). Relations between running memory and fluid intelligence. Intelligence.

2013

Salthouse & Mandell (2013) Do age-related increases in TOT experiences signify episodic memory impairments. Psychological Science.

Salthouse, T.A. (2013). Effects of age and ability on components of cognitive change. Intelligence, 41, 501-511.

Salthouse, T. A. (2013). Effects of first occasion test experience on longitudinal cognitive change. Developmental Psychology.

Salthouse, T. A. (2013). Within-cohort age-related differences in cognitive functioning. Psychological Science, 24(2), 123–130.

2012

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Psychometric properties of within-person across-session variability in accuracy of cognitive performance. Assessment, 19(4), 494–501.

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). How general are effects of trait anxiety and depressive symptoms on cognitive functioning? Emotion, 23, 1075-1084.

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Are individual differences in rates of aging greater at older ages? Neurobiology of Aging, 33, 2373-2381.

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Does the direction and magnitude of cognitive change depend on initial level of ability? Intelligence, 40, 352-361.

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Robust cognitive change. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 18, 749-756.

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Consequences of age-related cognitive declines. Annual Review of Psychology, 63 (5), 201-226.

Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Does the level at which cognitive change occurs change with age? Psychological Science, 23, 18-23

Rabaglia, C. D. and Salthouse, T. A. (2012). Natural and constrained language production as a function of age and cognitive abilities. Language and Cognitive Processes, 26, 1505-1531.

2011

Soubelet, A. and Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Correlates of level and change in the Mini-Mental Status Examination. Psychological Assessment, 23 (4), 811-818.

Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Neuroanatomical substrates of age-related cognitive decline. Psychological Bulletin, 137 (5), 753-784.

Krueger, L. & Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Influence of cognitive abilities on word recall performance across trials and list segments. American Journal of Psychology, 124 (3), 291-300.

Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Reply: All data collection and analysis methods have limitations: Reply to Rabbit (2011) and Raz and Lindenberger (2011). Psychological Bulletin, 137 (5), 796-799.

Soubelet, A. and Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Influence of social desirability on age differences in self-reports of mood and personality. Journal of Personality, 79 (4), 741-762.

Salthouse, T. A. (2011). What cognitive abilities are involved in trail-making performance?. Intelligence, 39, 222-232.

Holdnack, J. A., Zhou, X., Larrabee, G. J., Millis, S. R., & Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Confirmatory factor analysis of the WAIS-IV/WMS-IV. Assessment, 18 (2), 178-191.

Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Effects of age on time-dependent cognitive change. Psychological Science, 22 (5), 682-688.

Soubelet, A. and Salthouse, T. A. (2011) Personality-cognition relations across adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 47 (2), 303-310.

Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2011) Global and domain-specific changes in cognition throughout adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 47 (2), 331-343.

Salthouse, T. A. (2011). Cognitive correlates of cross-sectional differences and longitudinal change in trail making performance. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 33 (2), 242-248.

2010

Salthouse, T. A. and Nesselroade, J. R. (2010). Dealing with short-term fluctuation in longitudinal research.Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 65B, (6), 698–705.

Krueger, L. E. and Salthouse, T. A. (2010). Differences in acquisition, not retention, largely contribute to sex differences in multitrial word recall performance. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 768-772.

Salthouse, T. A. and Saklofske, D. H. (2010). Do the WAIS-IV tests measure the same aspects of cognitive functioning in adults under and over 65? In Weiss, L. G., Saklofske, D. H., Coalson, D., and Raiford, S. E. (Ed.s) WAIS-IV Clinical Use and Interpretation. Elsevier Science.

Salthouse, T. A. (2010). Does the meaning of neurocognitive change change with age? Neuropsychology, 24 (2), 273-278.

Salthouse, T. A. (2010). Influence of age on practice effects in longitudinal neurocognitive change. Neuropsychology, 24 (5), 563-572.

Salthouse, T. A. (2010). Is flanker-based inhibition related to age? Identifying specific influences of individual differences on neurocognitive variables. Brain and Cognition, 73, 51-61.

Salthouse, T. A. (2010). Selective review of cognitive aging. Journal of International Neuropsychological Society, 16, 754-760.

Salthouse, T. A. (2010). The paradox of cognitive change. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 1-8.

Soubelet, A. and Salthouse, T. A. (2010). The role of activity engagement in the relations between Openness/Intellect and cognition. Personality and Individual Differences, 49, 896-901.

2009

Tucker-Drob, E. and Salthouse, T. A. (2009). Confirmatory factor analysis and multidimensional scaling for construct validation of cognitive abilities. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 33 (3), 277-385.

Salthouse T. A. (2009). Decomposing age correlations on neuropsychological and cognitive variables Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 15, 650-661.

Salthouse T. A. (2009). When does age-related cognitive decline begin? Neurobiology of Aging, 30 (4), 507-514.

Salthouse, T. A. (2009). Responses to commentaries by Finch, Nilsson et al., Abrams, and Schaie. Neurobiology of Aging, 30 (4), 530-533.

Gerstorf, D., Siedlecki, K. L., Tucker-Drob, E. M., and Salthouse, T. A. (2009). Within-person variability in state anxiety across adulthood: Magnitude and associations with between-person characteristics. International Journal of Behavioral Development 33 (1), 55-64.

2008

Salthouse, T.A. & Pink, J.E. (2008). Why is working memory related to fluid intelligence? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 15 (2), 364-371.

Gerstorf, D., Siedlecki, K.L., Tucker-Drob, E.M. & Salthouse, T.A. (2008). Executive dysfunctions across adulthood: Measurement properties and correlates of the DEX self-report questionnaire. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 15, 1-22.

Siedlecki, K.L., Tucker-Drob, E.M., Oishi, S. & Salthouse, T.A. (2008). Life satisfaction across adulthood: Different determinants at different ages? Journal of Positive Psychology, 3 (3), 153-164.

Tucker-Drob, E.M. & Salthouse, T.A. (2008). Adult age trends in the relations among cognitive abilities. Psychology and Aging, 23 (2), 453-460.

Bowles, R.P. & Salthouse, T.A. (2008). Vocabulary test format and differential relations to age. Psychology and Aging, 23 (2), 366-376.

Salthouse, T.A., Pink, J.E., & Tucker-Drob, E.M. (2008). Contextual analysis of fluid intelligence. Intelligence, 36, 464-486.

Wang, L., Zhang, Z., McArdle, J.J., & Salthouse, T.A. (2008). Investigating ceiling effects in longitudinal data analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 43, 476-496.

Salthouse, T.A. & Tucker-Drob, E.M. (2008). Implications of short-term retest effects for the interpretation of longitudinal change. Neuropsychology, 22 (6), 800-811.

2007

Siedlecki, K.L. (2007). Investigating the structure and age invariance of episodic memory across the adult lifespan.Psychology and Aging, 22 (2), 251-268.

Salthouse, T.A. & Siedlecki, K.L. (2007). Efficiency of route selection as a function of adult age. Brain and Cognition, 63, 279-287.

Salthouse, T.A. (2007). Reply to Schooler: Consistent is not conclusive. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 30-32.

Salthouse, T.A. (2007). Implications of within-person variability in cognitive and neuropsychological functioning on the interpretation of change. Neuropsychology, 21 (4), 401-411.

Salthouse, T.A. & Siedlecki, K.L. (2007). An individual differences analysis of false recognition. American Journal of Psychology, 120, 429-458.

Zhang, Z., Davis, H.P., Salthouse, T.A., & Tucker-Drob, E.A. (2007). Correlates of individual, and age-related, differences in short-term learning. Learning and Individual Differences, 17, 231-240.

Salthouse, T.A. (2007). Comment on Greenwood: Functional plasticity in cognitive aging. Neuropsychology, 21 (6), 678-679.

2006

Salthouse, T.A. (2006). Aging of thought. In E. Bialystok & F.I.M. Craik (Eds.), Lifespan cognition: Mechanisms of change. NY: Oxford University Press.

Salthouse, T.A. (2006). Theoretical issues in the psychology of aging. In J.E. Birren & K.W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (6th Edition).

Salthouse, T.A. (2006). Mental Exercise and mental aging: Evaluating the validity of the use it or lose it hypothesis. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 1, 68-87.

Salthouse, T.A. & H.P. Davis (2006). Organization of cognitive abilities and neuropsychological variables across the lifespan. Developmental Review, 26, 31-54

Salthouse, T.A., Nesselroade, J.R., & Berish, D.E. (2006). Short-term variability and the calibration of change. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 61B (3), 144-151

Salthouse, T.A., Siedlecki, K.L. & Krueger, L.E. (2006). An individual differences analysis of memory control. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 102-125.

2005

Salthouse, T.A. (2005). From description to explanation in cognitive aging. In R. Sternberg, J. Davidson, & J. Pretz (Eds.), Cognition and Intelligence, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Salthouse, T.A., & Berish, D.E. (2005). Correlates of within-person (across-occasion) variability in reaction time. Neuropsychology, 19 (1), 77-87.

Salthouse, T.A. (2005). Effects of aging on reasoning. In K.J. Holyoak & R.G. Morrison (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. NY: Cambridge University Press.

Siedlecki, K.L., Salthouse, T.A., & Berish, D.E. Is there anything special about the aging of source memory? Psychology and Aging, 20, 19-32.

Salthouse, T.A. & Siedlecki, K.L. (2005). Reliability and validity of the Divided Attention Questionnaire. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 12, 89-98.

Ferrer, E., Salthouse, T.A., McArdle, J.J., Stewart, W.F., & Schwartz, B.S. (2005). Multivariate modeling of age and retest in longitudinal studies of cognitive abilities. Psychology and Aging, 20 (3), 412-422.

Salthouse, T.A. (2005). Relations between cognitive abilities and measures of executive functioning. Neuropsychology, 19 (4), 532-545.

Salthouse, T.A. (2005). Time as a factor in the development and decline of mental processes. In A.N. Perret-Clermont (Ed.), Thinking Time; A multidisciplinary perspective on time. Göttingen: Hogrefe & Huber.

Riener, C., Proffitt, D.R., & Salthouse, T.A. (2005). A psychometric approach to intuitive physics. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 12, 740-745

2004

Nesselroade, J.R. & Salthouse, T.A. (2004). Methodological and theoretical implications of intraindividual variability in perceptual motor performance. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 59B (2), 49-55.

Schroeder, D.H., & Salthouse, T.A. (2004). Age-related effects on cognition between 20 and 50 years of age. Personality and Individual Differences, 36, 393-404.

Ferrer, E., Salthouse, T.A., Stewart, W., & Schwartz, B. (2004). Modeling age and retest processes in longitudinal studies of cognitive abilities, Psychology & Aging, 19 (2), 243-259.

Salthouse, T.A. (2004). What and when of cognitive aging. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 140-144.

Salthouse, T.A., & Schroeder, D.H. (2004). Estimating retest effects in longitudinal assessments of cognitive functioning in adults between 18 and 60 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 40 (5), 813-822.

Salthouse, T.A. (2004). Localizing age-related individual differences in a hierarchical structure. Intelligence, 32, 541-561.

Salthouse, T.A., Berish, D.E., & Siedlecki, K.L. (2004) Construct validity and age sensitivity of prospective memory. Memory & Cognition, 32, 1133-1148.

2003

Salthouse, T.A. (2003). Interrelations of aging, knowledge, and cognitive performance. In U. Staudinger & U. Lindenberger (Eds.), Understanding Human Development: Lifespan Psychology in Exchange with other Disciplines. Berlin : Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Salthouse, T.A. & Ferrer-Caja, E. (2003). What needs to be explained to account for age-related effects on multiple cognitive variables? Psychology and Aging, 18 (1), 91-110.

Bowles, R.P., & Salthouse, T.A. (2003). Assessing the age-related effects of proactive interference on working memory tasks using the Rasch model. Psychology and Aging, 18 (3), 608-615.

Salthouse, T.A. (2003). Memory Aging from 18 to 80. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 17, 162-167.

Salthouse, T.A., Atkinson, T.M., & Berish, D.E. (2003). Executive functioning as a potential mediator of age-related cognitive decline in normal adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 132 (4), 566-594.

2002

Salthouse, T.A. (2002). Age-related effects on memory in the context of age-related effects on cognition. In N. Ohta & P. Graf (Eds.), Proceedings of Tsukuba International Conference on Memory. MIT Press.

Salthouse, T.A., & Miles, J.M. (2002). Aging and time-sharing aspects of executive control. Memory & Cognition, 30 (4), 572-582.

Salthouse, T.A., & Nesselroade, J.R. (2002). An examination of the Hofer and Sliwinski evaluation. Gerontology, 48, 18-21.

Salthouse, T.A., Berish, D.E., & Miles, J.D. (2002). The role of cognitive stimulation on the relations between age and cognitive function. Psychology and Aging, 17 (4), 548-557.

Salthouse, T.A. & Hedden, T. (2002). Interpreting reaction time measures in between-group comparisons. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24 (7), 858-872.

2001

Salthouse, T.A. (2001). General and specific age-related influences on neuropsychological variables. In F. Boller & S. Cappa (Eds.), Handbook of Neuropsychology (2nd Edition).

Salthouse, T.A. (2001). The broader context of Craik’s self-initiated processing hypothesis. In M. Naveh-Benjamin, M. Moscovitch, & H.L. Roediger (Eds). Perspectives on Human Memory and Cognitive Aging: Essays in Honour of Fergus Craik. (pp. 277-285). New York : Psychology Press.

Salthouse, T.A. (2001). A research strategy for investigating group differences in a cognitive construct:Application to aging and executive processes. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 13 (1/2), 29-46.

Salthouse, T.A. (2001). Structural models of the relations between age and measures of cognitive functioning. Intelligence, 29, 93-115.

Salthouse, T.A. (2001). Attempted decomposition of age-related iInfluences on two tests of reasoning. Psychology and Aging, 16 (2), 251-263.

2000

Salthouse, T.A. (2000). Steps toward the explanation of adult age differences in cognition. In T. Perfect & E. Maylor (Eds.), Theoretical Debate in Cognitive Aging. London: Oxford University Press.

Salthouse, T.A. (2000). Methodological assumptions in cognitive aging research. In Craik, F.I.M. & Salthouse, T.A. (Editors). Handbook of Aging and Cognition. (2nd Ed.) Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Salthouse, T.A., Toth, J., Daniels, K., Parks, C., Pak, R., Wolbrette, M., & Hocking, K. (2000). Effects of aging on efficiency of task switching in a variant of the Trail Making Test. Neuropsychology, 14 (1), 102-111.

Salthouse, T.A. (2000). Item analyses of age relations on reasoning tests. Psychology and Aging, 15 (1), 3-8.

Salthouse, T.A., & Czaja, S. (2000). Structural constraints on process explanations in cognitive aging. Psychology and Aging, 15 (1), 44-55.

Salthouse, T.A. (2000). Aging and measures of processing speed. Biological Psychology, 54, 35-54.

1999

Woodard, J. L., Dunlosky, J., and Salthouse, T. A. (1999) Task decomposition analysis of intertrial free recall performance on the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test in normal aging and Alzheimer’s Disease. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 21 (5), 666-676.

Salthouse, T.A., McGuthry, K.E., & Hambrick, D.Z. (1999). A framework for analyzing and interpreting differential aging patterns: Application to three measures of implicit learning. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 6, 1-18

Hambrick, D.Z., Salthouse, T.A., & Meinz, E.J. (1999). Predictors of crossword puzzle proficiency and moderators of age-cognition relations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 128, 131-164.

1998

Woodard, J. L., Benedict, R. H. B., Salthouse, T. A., Toth, J. P., Zgaljardic, D. J., and Hancock, H. E. (1998) Normative data for equivalent, parallel forms of the judgement of line orientation test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Psychology, 20 (4), 457-462.

Salthouse, T. A., Fristoe, N., McGuthry, K. E., and Hambrick, D. Z. (1998) Relation of task switching to speed, age, and fluid intelligence. Psychology and Aging, 13 (3), 445-461.

Salthouse, T.A. (1998). Independence of age-related influences on cognitive abilities across the life span. Developmental Psychology, 34, 851-864.

Salthouse, T.A., & Becker, J.T (1998). Independent effects of Alzheimer’s Disease on neuropsychological functioning. Neuropsychology, 12, 1-11.

Meinz, E.J. & Salthouse, T.A. (1998). Is age kinder to females than to males? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 5, 56-70.

Salthouse, T.A., Hambrick, D.Z. & McGuthry, K.E. (1998), Shared age-related influences on cognitive and non-cognitive variables. Psychology and Aging, 13, 486-500.

Salthouse, T.A. (1998). Relation of successive percentiles of reaction time distributions to cognitive variables and to age. Intelligence, 26, 153-166.

Salthouse, T.A., Hambrick, D.Z. & McGuthry, K.E. (1998), Shared age-related influences on cognitive and non-cognitive variables. Psychology and Aging, 13, 486-500.

1997

Geary, D.C., Hamson, C.o., Chen, G.P., Liu, F., Hoard, M.K., & Salthouse, T.A. (1997). Computational and reasoning abilities in arithmetic: Cross-generational change in China and the United States. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 4, 525-430.

Salthouse, T.A., Toth, J.P., Hancock, H.E., & Woodard, J.L. (1997). Controlled and automatic forms of memory and attention: Process purity and the uniqueness of age-related influences. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 52B, P216-P228.

Verhaeghen, P., & Salthouse, T.A. (1997). Meta-analyses of age-cognition relations in adulthood: Estimates of linear and non-linear age effects and structural models. Psychological Bulletin, 122, 231-249.

1996

Woodard, J. L., Salthouse, T. A., Godsall, R. E., and Green, R. C. (1996) Confirmatory factor analysis of the Mattis Dementia Rating Scale in patients with Alzheimer’s Disease. Psychological Assessment, 8 (1), 85-91.

Fristoe, N.M., Salthouse, T.A. & Woodard, J.L. (1997). Examination of age-related deficits on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Neuropsychology, 11, 428-436.

Geary, D.C., Salthouse, T.A., Chen, G-P., & Fan, L. (1996). Are East Asian versus American differences in arithmetical ability a recent phenomenon? Developmental Psychology, 32, 254-262.

Salthouse, T.A. (1996). Commentary on Watkins (1990): There are other solutions to the problem of proliferating memory theories. The Behavior Analyst, 19, 105-108.

Salthouse, T.A. (1996). Constraints on theories of cognitive aging. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 3, 287-299.

Dunlosky, J., & Salthouse, T.A. (1996). A decomposition of age-related differences in multi-trial free recall. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, 3, 2-14.

Salthouse, T.A. (1996). General and specific speed mediation of adult age differences in memory. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 51B, P30-P42.

Salthouse, T.A., Fristoe, N., & Rhee, S.H. (1996). How localized are age-related effects on neuropsychological measures? Neuropsychology, 10, 272-285.

Salthouse, T.A., Hancock, H.E., Meinz, E.J., & Hambrick, D.Z. (1996). Interrelations of age, visual acuity, and cognitive functioning. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 51B, P317-P330.

Salthouse, T.A. (1996). The processing speed theory of adult age differences in cognition. Psychological Review, 103, 403-428. (Identified as one of the 10 most cited articles in Psychology and Psychiatry from 1995 to 2005, http://www.in-cites.com/papers/TimothySalthouse.html).

Salthouse, T.A. (1996). “Reaction Time.” Entries on ‘Information Processing Theory’, ‘Perception’, ‘Processing Resources’, and ‘Speed-Accuracy Tradeoff’ in G.L. Maddox (Ed.)., Encyclopedia of Aging. New York: Springer.

Salthouse, T.A. & Maurer, T.J. (1996). Aging, job performance, and career development. In J.E. Birren & K.W. Schaie (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (4th Ed.), San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Salthouse, T.A., Hambrick, D.Z., Lukas, K.E., & Dell, T.C. (1996). Determinants of adult age differences in synthetic work performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 2, 305-329.

Salthouse, T.A. (1996). Where in an ordered sequence do independent age-related effects occur? Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 51B, P166-P178.

1995

Salthouse, T.A., Fristoe, N.M., Lineweaver, T.T., & Coon, V.E. (1995). Aging of attention: Does the ability to divide decline? Memory & Cognition, 23, 59-71.

Salthouse. T.A., & Meinz, E.J. (1995). Aging, inhibition, working memory, and speed. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 50B, P297-P306.

Salthouse, T.A. & Dunlosky, J. (1995). Analyses of adult age differences in associative learning. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 203, 351-360.

Salthouse, T.A. (1995). Refining the concept of psychological compensation. In R.A. Dixon & L. Backman (Eds.), Psychological Compensation: Managing Losses and Promoting Gains. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Salthouse, T.A. & Fristoe, N.M. (1995). A process analysis of adult age effects on a computer-administered trail making test. Neuropsychology, 9, 518-528.

Salthouse, T.A. (1995). Differential age-related influences on memory for verbal-symbolic information and visual-spatial information. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 50B, P193-P201.

Salthouse, T.A. (1995). Influence of processing speed on adult age differences in learning. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 54, 102-112.

Earles, J.L. & Salthouse, T.A. (1995). Interrelations of age, health, and speed. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 50B, P33-P41.

Salthouse, T.A. (1995). Processing capacity and its role on the relations between age and memory. In F.E. Weinert & W. Schneider (Eds.)., Memory Performance and Competencies: Issues in Growth and Development. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Salthouse, T.A. (1995). Selective influences of age and speed on associative memory. American Journal of Psychology, 108, 381-396.

Pre-1995

Salthouse, T. A., Kausler, D., and Saults, J. S. (1988) Investigation of student status, background variables, and feasibility of standard tasks in cognitive aging research. Psychology and Aging, 3 (1), 29-37.

Salthouse, T. A. and Saults, J. S. (1987) Multiple spans in transcription typing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72 (2), 187-196.

Salthouse, T. A. and Coon, V. E. (1994) Interpretation of differential deficits: The case of aging and mental arithmetic. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20 (5), 1172-1182.

Salthouse, T. A. (1988) Aging associations: Influence of speed on adult age differences in associative learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 20 (6), 1486-1503.

Salthouse, T. A. (1988) Initiating the formalization of theories of cognitive aging. Psychology and Aging, 3 (1), 3-16.

Salthouse, T. A. (1987) The role of representations in age differences in analogical reasoning. Psychology and Aging, 2 (4), 357-362.

Salthouse, T. A. (1994) The nature of the influences of speed on adult age differences in cognition. Developmental Psychology, 30 (2), 240-259.

Kausler, D. H., Salthouse, T. A., and Saults, J. S. (1988) Temporal memory over the adult lifespan. American Journal of Psychology, 101 (2), 207-215.

Salthouse, T. A., Babcock, R. L., and Shaw, R. J. (1991) Effects of adult age on structural and operational capacities in working memory. Psychology and Aging, 6 (1), 118-127.

Salthouse, T. A., Mitchell, D. R. D., and Palmon, R. (1989) Memory and age differences in spatial manipulation ability, Psychology and Aging, 4 (4), 480-486.

Salthouse, T. A. and D. R. D. Mitchell (1989) Structural and operational capacities in integrative spatial ability. Psychology and Aging, 4 (1), 18-25.

Salthouse, T. A. (1987) Adult age differences in integrative spatial ability. Psychology and Aging, 2 (3), 254-260.

Babcock, R. L. and Salthouse, T. A. (1990) Effects of increased processing demands on age differences in working memory. Psychology and Aging, 5 (3), 421-428.

Salthouse, T.A. and Kersten, A. W. (1993) Decomposing adult age differences in symbol arithmetic. Memory & Cognition, 21 (5), 699-710.

Salthouse, T.A. (1992) Influence of processing speed on adult age differences in working memory. Acta Psychologica, 79, 155-170.

Salthouse, T.A., Wright, R., & Ellis, C.L. (1979). Adult age and the rate of an internal clock. Journal of Gerontology, 34, 53-57.

Salthouse, T.A. (1979). Adult age and the speed-accuracy tradeoff. Ergonomics, 22, 811-821

Danziger, W.L. & Salthouse, T.A. (1978). Age and the perception of incomplete figures. Experimental Aging Research, 4, 67-80.

Salthouse, T.A., Babcock, R.L., Skovronek, E., Mitchell, D.R.D., & Palmon, R. (1990). Age and experience effects in spatial visualization. Developmental Psychology, 26, 128-136.

Salthouse, T.A. (1991). Age and experience effects on the interpretation of orthographic drawings of three-dimensional objects. Psychology and Aging, 6, 426-433.

Salthouse, T.A. (1987). Age, experience, and compensation. In C. Schooler & K.W. Schaie (Eds.)., Cognitive Functioning and Social Structures over the Life Course. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.

Salthouse, T.A., Kausler, D.H., & Saults, J.S. (1990). Age, self-assessed health status, and cognition. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 45, P156-P160.

Salthouse, T.A. (1989). Aging and Skilled Performance. In A. Colley & J. Beech (Eds.)., The Acquisition and Performance of Cognitive Skills. Chichester, England: Wiley & Sons.

Salthouse, T.A. (1994). The aging of working memory. Neuropsychology, 8, 535-543.

Salthouse, T.A. (1991). Cognitive facets of aging well. Generations, 15, 35-38.

Salthouse, T.A., Kolditz, T., Bumberry, J., & Johnston, M.B. (1980). An illusion of ingestion. Perception & Psychophysics, 27, 564-568.

Salthouse, T.A. & Prill, K.A. (1983). Analysis of a perceptual skill. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 9, 607-621.

Salthouse, T.A. (1985). Anticipatory processing in transcription typing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 70, 264-271.

Salthouse, T.A. (1993). Attentional blocks are not responsible for age-related slowing. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 48, P263-P270.

Salthouse, T.A. (1987). Sources of age-related individual differences in block design tasks. Intelligence, 11, 245-262.

Salthouse, T.A., Letz, R., & Hooisma, J. (1994). Causes and consequences of age-related slowing in speeded substitution performance. Developmental Neuropsychology, 10, 203-214.

Salthouse, T.A. (1994). How many causes are there of aging-related decrements in cognitive functioning? Developmental Review, 14, 413-437.

Salthouse, T.A. (1991). Cognition, motor behavior, and the assessment of atypical aging. In M.L. Howe, M.J. Stones, & C.J. Brainerd (Eds.)., Cognitive and Behavioral Performance Factors in Atypical Aging. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Salthouse, T.A. (1988). Cognitive aspects of motor functioning. In J.A. Joseph (Ed.)., Central Determinants of Age-Related Declines in Motor Function. New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 515.

Salthouse, T.A. (1988). The complexity of age X complexity functions: Comment on Charness and Campbell. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 117, 425-428.

Salthouse, T.A. & Sterling, J.J. (1978). Contextual determinants of visual recognition with verbal and nonverbal stimuli. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 11, 89-92.

Salthouse, T.A. & Babcock, R.L. (1991). Decomposing adult age differences in working memory. Developmental Psychology, 27, 763-776.

Somberg, B. & Salthouse, T.A. (1982). Divided attention abilities in young and old adults. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 8, 651-663.

Salthouse, T.A., Rogan, J.D., & Prill, K.A. (1984). Division of attention: Age differences on a visually presented memory task. Memory & Cognition, 12, 613-620.

Salthouse, T.A. (1982). Duration estimates of two information processing stages. Acta Psychologica, 52, 213-226.

Salthouse, T.A., Mitchell, D.R.D., Skovronek, E., & Babcock, R.L. (1989). Effects of adult age and working memory on reasoning and spatial abilities. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 15, 507-516.

Meinz, E.J. & Salthouse, T.A. (1998). The effects of age and experience on memory for visually presented music. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 53B, P60-P69.

Salthouse, T.A. & Mitchell, D.R.D. (1990). Effects of age and naturally occurring experience on spatial visualization performance. Developmental Psychology, 26, 845-854.

Salthouse, T.A. (1984). Effects of age and skill in typing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 113, 345-371.

Salthouse, T.A. & Prill, K.A. (1988). Effects of aging on perceptual closure. American Journal of Psychology, 101, 217 238.

Salthouse, T.A. (1986). Effects of practice on a typing-like keying task. Acta Psychologica, 62, 189-198.

Salthouse, T.A. (1987). The role of experience in cognitive aging. In K.W. Schaie (Ed.)., Annual Review of Gerontology, Vol. 7. New York: Springer.

Salthouse, T.A. (1990). Influence of experience on age differences in cognitive functioning. Human Factors, 32, 551-569.

Salthouse, T.A., Ellis, C.L., Diener, D., & Somberg, B. (1981). Stimulus processing during eye fixations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 7, 611-623.

Salthouse, T.A. & Ellis, C.L. (1980). Determinants of eye fixation duration. American Journal of Psychology, 93, 207 234.

Kausler, D.H., Salthouse, T.A., & Saults, J.S. (1988). Frequency-of-occurrence memory over the adult lifespan. Experimental Aging Research, 13, 159-161.

Salthouse, T.A. (1986). Functional age: Examination of a concept. In J.E. Birren, P.K. Robinson, & J. Livingston (Eds.)., Age, Health, and Employment. New York: Prentice-Hall.

Salthouse, T.A., Kausler, D.H., & Saults, J.S. (1986). Groups versus individuals as the comparison unit in cognitive aging research. Developmental Neuropsychology, 2, 363-372.

Salthouse, T.A., Babcock, R.L., Mitchell, D.R.D., Palmon, R. & Skovronek, E. (1990). Sources of individual differences in spatial visualization ability. Intelligence, 14, 187-230.

Salthouse, T.A. & Prill, K.A. (1987). Inferences about age impairments in inferential reasoning. Psychology and Aging, 2, 43-51.

Salthouse, T.A. & Coon, V.E. (1993). Influence of task-specific processing speed on age differences in memory. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 48, P245-P255.

Salthouse, T.A. (1993). Influence of working memory on adult age differences in matrix reasoning. British Journal of Psychology, 84, 171-199.

Salthouse, T.A. & Somberg, B. (1982). Isolating the age deficit in speeded performance. Journal of Gerontology, 37, 59-63.

Salthouse, T.A. (1991). Mediation of adult age differences in cognition by reductions in working memory and speed of processing. Psychological Science, 2, 179-183.

Salthouse, T.A. & Kail, R. (1983). Memory development throughout the life span: The role of processing rate. In P.B. Baltes & O.G. Brim (Eds.)., Life Span Development and Behavior, Vol. 5. New York: Academic Press.

Salthouse, T.A., Legg, S.E., Palmon, R., & Mitchell, D.R.D. (1990). Memory factors in age-related differences in simple reasoning. Psychology and Aging, 5, 9-15.

Salthouse, T.A. (1976). Speed and age: Multiple rates of age decline. Experimental Aging Research, 2, 349-359.

Salthouse, T.A. (1991). Mediation of adult age differences in cognition by reductions in working memory and speed of processing. Psychological Science, 2, 179-183.

Salthouse, T.A. & Lichty, W. (1985). Tests of the neural noise hypothesis of age-related cognitive change. Journal of Gerontology, 40, 443-450.

Salthouse, T.A. (1980). Age and memory: Strategies for localizing the loss. In L.W. Poon, J.L. Fozard, L. Cermak, D. Arenberg, & L.W. Thompson (Eds.), New Directions in Memory and Aging. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Salthouse, T.A. (1977). Number of memory representations in perceptual concepts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 3, 18-28.

Salthouse, T.A. & Danziger, W.L. (1978). Perception as hypothesis testing. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 11, 197-199.

Salthouse, T.A., Kausler, D.H., & Saults, J.S. (1988). Utilization of path analytic procedures to investigate the role of processing resources in cognitive aging. Psychology and Aging, 3, 158-166.

Salthouse, T.A. (1992). Influence of processing speed on adult age differences in working memory. Acta Psychologica, 79, 155-170.

Kail, R. & Salthouse, T.A. (1994). Processing speed as a mental capacity. Acta Psychologica, 86, 199-225.

Salthouse, T.A. (1994). Reply to Commentary by Collins: Distinguishing proximal and distal levels of explanation. Developmental Review, 14, 444-446.

Salthouse, T.A. (1988). Resource-reduction interpretations of cognitive aging. Developmental Review, 8, 238-272.

Sterling, J.J. & Salthouse, T.A. (1981). Retinal location and visual processing rate. Perception & Psychophysics, 30, 114-118.

Salthouse, T.A. (1978). The role of memory in the age decline in digit-symbol substitution performance. Journal of Gerontology, 33, 232-238.

Salthouse, T.A. (1992). Shifting levels of analysis in the investigation of cognitive aging. Human Development, 35, 321-342.

Salthouse, T.A. (1975). Simultaneous processing of verbal and spatial information. Memory & Cognition, 3, 221-225.

Salthouse, T.A. & Somberg, B. (1982). Skilled performance: Effects of adult age and experience on elementary processes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 111, 176-207.

Salthouse, T.A. (1993). Speed and knowledge as determinants of adult age differences in verbal tasks. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 48, P29-P36.

Salthouse, T.A. (1993). Speed mediation of adult age differences in cognition. Developmental Psychology, 29, 722-738.

Salthouse, T.A. (1981). Converging evidence for information processing stages: A comparative-influence stage analysis method. Acta Psychologica, 47, 39-61.

Salthouse, T.A., Ellis, C.L., Diener, D., & Somberg, B. (1981). Stimulus processing during eye fixations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 7, 611-623.

Salthouse, T.A. (1976). Age and tachistoscopic perception. Experimental Aging Research, 2, 91-103.

Salthouse, T.A. (1984-February). The skill of typing. Scientific American, 250, 128-135.

Rodriguez, W. & Salthouse, T.A. (1990). Spatial visualization research survey. Journal of Theoretical Graphics and Computing, 3, 78-83.

Salthouse, T.A. & Somberg, B. (1982). Time-accuracy relationships in young and old adults. Journal of Gerontology, 37, 349-353.

Salthouse, T.A. (1974). Using selective interference to investigate spatial memory representations. Memory & Cognition, 2, 749-757.

Salthouse, T.A. (1992). What do adult age differences in the Digit Symbol Substitution Test reflect? Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 47, P121-P128.

Salthouse, T.A. (1992). Why do adult age differences increase with task complexity? Developmental Psychology, 28, 905-918.

Salthouse, T.A. & Skovronek, E. (1992). Within-context assessment of age differences in working memory. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 47, P110-P120.

Salthouse, T.A. (1990). Working memory as a processing resource in cognitive aging. Developmental Review, 10, 101 124.

Salthouse, T.A. (1992). Working memory mediation of adult age differences in integrative reasoning. Memory & Cognition, 20, 413-423.

Salthouse, T. A. (1986). Perceptual, cognitive, and motoric aspects of transcription typing. Psychological Bulletin, 99 (3), 303-319.