While different teachers implement co-teaching somewhat differently to meet the needs of their integrated instructional styles, it is generally agreed that there are five formats that cover the majority of co-teaching situations. More recently, some experts refer to 6 formats based on the division of the "One Teach/One Support" model into two specific models: "One Teach/ One Observe" and "One Teach/One Assist". (See the Power of Two co-teaching training materials by Dr. Marilyn Friend.)
For instruction to be considered a co-teaching format, both partners must participate fully in all aspects of instruction. Full participation does not mean doing the same thing all the time: it does mean that each teacher's role is coordinated to contribute to the effectiveness of the lesson. Co-teaching also does not mean that one teacher is always the primary teacher and one is always in a supporting role. Co-teachers shift roles and focus to match the lesson and target student needs.
Review the implementation tips and videos given below to gain an understanding of each co-teaching format. Also, observe the 'What do you notice?' videos to see if you can describe the co-teaching formats. Check your responses with those provided. The five common co-teaching formats are
Note: The One Teach/One Support format is sometimes broken into two separate formats: “One Teach/One Observe” and “One Teach/One Assist”.
Caution: If used too often with the same teacher taking the instructional lead, the One Teach/One Support format can lead to students seeing one teacher as the authority over the other teacher.
Here's what you should've noticed - One Teach/One Support (+ Click to expand/ collapse)
Caution: Station Teaching is not used for differentiation purposes as all students participate in all stations.
Here's what you should've noticed - Station Teaching (+ Click to expand/collapse)
* Some video clips used with permission from their creator Cindy Alexander. The format layout graphics were adapted from an image created by Dr. Marilyn Friend.