Halcyon

Lab Members

My research focuses on memory from both a cognitive and a neurological perspective. My cognitive research has recently examined the causes of false memories and the strategies for preventing them. One strategy that I am particularly interested in is known as the distinctiveness heuristic and is based on our expectations about what we should remember about a past event. I am also interested in the brain areas that are associated with the use of this retrieval strategy, as measured with fMRI.

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I am interested in cognition and memory. The two lines of research I am focused on center around lineup fairness and statistical methods related to the confidence/accuracy relationship.

To be updated.

Meet Our Lab

Halcyon

Aging & Memory

In what ways is the memory of older adults impaired by aging? In what ways is it not?
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Eyewitness Memory

Are older adults more likely to make high-confidence errors in eyewitness settings?
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Memory Strategies

Is there a strategy that people could use to reduce susceptibility to false memories?
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Metamemory Development

When and how do children learn that memory can fail in two fundamentally different ways?
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Retrieval-Provoked Illusory Recollections

Short description goes in this space right here. Here's some filler text as a guide.
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Halcyon

Contact

Contact Chad



Chad S. Dodson
Gilmer #102
PO Box 400400
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4400

Halcyon

Jaswal, V.K. & Dodson, C.S. (2009). Metamemory Development: Understanding the Role of Similarity in False Memories. Cognitive Development, 80, 629-635

Palmer, J. E. & Dodson, C.S. (2009). Investigating the Mechanisms Fueling Reduced False Recall of Emotional Material. Cognition and Emotion, 23, 238-259.

Dodson, C.S., Darragh, J, & Williams, A. (2008). Stereotypes and Retrieval-Provoked Illusory Source Recollections. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 34, 460 – 477.

Dodson, C. S. (2007). Retrieval-Based Illusory Recollections: Why study-test contextual changes impair source memory. Memory and Cognition, 35, 1211-1221.

Lima, O.K.A., Jaswal, V.K., & Dodson, C. S. (2007). When Two Heads Are Not Better Than One: Partner Neglect in Paired Memory Tasks. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 88 – 94.

Dodson, C. S., Bawa, S., & Krueger, L. E. (2007). Aging, Metamemory and High Confidence Errors: A Misrecollection Account. Psychology and Aging, 22, 122 – 133.

Dodson, C. S., Bawa, S, & Slotnick, S. D. (2007). Aging, Source Memory, and Misrecollections. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition. 33, 169 – 181

Dodson, C. S., & Krueger, L. E. (2006). I misremember it well: Why older adults are unreliable eyewitnesses. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 13, 770- 775.

Budson, A. E., Droller, D. B. J., Dodson, C. S., Rugg, M. D., Holcomb, P. J., Schacter, D. L., & Daffner, K. (2005). Electrophysiological dissociation of picture versus word encoding: the distinctiveness heuristic as a retrieval orientation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 1181-1193.

Dodson, C. S. & Hege, A. C. G. (2005). Speeded retrieval abolishes the false memory suppression effect: Evidence for the distinctiveness heuristic. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 12, 726-731.

Mitchell, J. P., Dodson, C. S., & Schacter, D. L. (2005). FMRI evidence for the role of recollection in suppressing misattribution errors: The illusory truth effect. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 800-817.

Slotnick, S. D. & Dodson, C. S. (2005). Support for a continuous (single-process) model of recognition memory and source memory. Memory and Cognition, 33, 151-170.

Budson, A. E., Dodson, C. S., Vatner, J. M., Black, P. M., & Schacter, D. L., (2005). Metacognition and false recognition in patients with frontal lobe lesions: The distinctiveness heuristic. Neuropsychologia, 43, 860-871.

Budson, A. E., Dodson, C. S., Daffner, K. R., & Schacter, D. L. (2005). Metacognition and false recognition in Alzheimer’s disease: Further exploration of the distinctiveness heuristic. Neuropsychology, 19, 253-258.

Simons, J. S., Dodson, C. S., Bell, D., & Schacter, D. L. (2004). Specific and partial source memory in aging: Links to executive function. Psychology and Aging, 19, 689-694.

Hege, A. C. G., & Dodson, C. S. (2004). Why distinctive information reduces false memories: Evidence for both impoverished relational encoding and distinctiveness heuristic accounts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30, 787-795.

Weiss, A. P., Dodson, C. S., Goff, D., Schacter, D. L., & Heckers, S. (2002). Intact suppression of false recognition in schizophrenia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1506 – 1513.

Dodson, C. S. & Schacter, D. L. (2002b). Aging and strategic retrieval processes: Reducing false memories with a distinctiveness heuristic. Psychology and Aging, 17, 405 – 415.

Dodson, C. S. & Schacter, D. L. (2002a). When false recognition meets metacognition: The distinctiveness heuristic. Journal of Memory and Language, 46, 782 – 803.

Schacter, D. L., Cendan, D. L., Dodson, C. S., & Clifford, E. (2001). Retrieval conditions and false recognition: Testing the distinctiveness heuristic. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8, 827 –833.

Schacter, D. L. & Dodson, C. S. (2001). Misattribution, false recognition and the sins of memory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 356, 1385 – 1393.

Dodson, C. S. & Schacter, D. L. (2001a). "If I'd said it I would've remembered it:” Reducing false memories with a distinctiveness heuristic. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8, 155-161.

Slotnick, S. D., Klein, S. A., Dodson, C. S., & Shimamura, A. P. (2000). An analysis of signal detection and threshold models of source memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 26, 1499-1517.

Dodson, C. S., Koutstaal, W., & Schacter, D. L. (2000). Escape from Illusion: Reducing False Memories. Trends in Cognitive Science, 4, 391-397.

Dodson, C. S., & Shimamura, A. P. (2000). Differential effects of cue dependency for item and source memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 26, 1023-1044.

Dodson, C. S., Prinzmetal, W. & Shimamura, A. P. (1998). Using Excel to estimate parameters from observed data: An example from source memory data. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 30, 517-526.

Dodson, C. S., Holland, P. W. & Shimamura, A. P. (1998). On the recollection of specific and partial source information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 24, 1121-1136.

Dodson, C. S., Johnson, M. K. & Schooler, J. (1997). The Verbal Overshadowing Effect: Why descriptions impair face recognition. Memory & Cognition, 25, 129-139.

Dodson, C. S. & Johnson, M. K. (1996). Some problems with the process dissociation approach to memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 125, 181-194.

Dodson, C. S. & Johnson, M. K. (1993). The rate of false source attributions depends on how questions are asked. American Journal of Psychology, 106, 541 - 557.

Chapters & Non-Refereed Articles

Dodson, C.S. & Jaswal, V.K. (in press). Remembering the times of our lives: Memory in infancy and beyond. Journal of Cognition and Development.

Dodson, C. S. (in press). Book Review: Learning and Memory: A Comprehensive Reference, Volume 2: Cognitive Psychology of Memory. Memory Studies

Dodson, C. S. & Schacter, D. L. (2002c). Cognitive Neuropsychology of False Memory: Theory and Data. In A. D. Baddeley, M. D. Kopelman, and B. A. Wilson, (Eds.) Handbook of Memory Disorders (pp. 343 – 362).

Dodson, C. S. & Schacter, D. L. (2001b). Memory Distortion. In B. Rapp (Ed.), What Deficits Reveal about the Human Mind/Brain: The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology (pp 445 –463).

Dodson, C. S. & Reisberg, D. (1991). Indirect testing of eyewitness memory: The (non) effect of misinformation. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 29, 333 - 336.