for Class Participation
in discussions will help you remember and assimilate what you learn. It
will also help you apply what you have learned to new situations. By sharing
your ideas with your peers, you learn to articulate your thoughts and
get others to think about and expand on them. Imagine the power that lies
in thinking together! In listening to peers, you hear many different ways
of interpreting and applying class material which will help you to integrate
is graded on a scale from 0 (lowest) through 4 (highest), using the criteria
below. The criteria focus on what you demonstrate and do not presume to
guess at what you know but do not demonstrate. This is because what you
offer to the class is what you and others learn from. I expect the average
level of participation to satisfy the criteria for a "3".
Tries to respond when called on but does not offer much.
Demonstrates very infrequent involvement in discussion.
adequate preparation: knows reading facts, but does not show evidence
of trying to interpret or analyze them.
Offers straightforward information (e.g., straight from reading),
without elaboration or very infrequently (perhaps once a class).
Does not offer to contribute to discussion, but contributes to a moderate
degree when called on.
Demonstrates sporadic involvement.
good preparation: knows reading facts well, has thought through implications
Offers interpretations and analysis of readings (more than just facts)
Contributes well to discussion in an ongoing way: responds to other
students' points, thinks through own points, questions others in a
constructive way, offers and supports suggestions that may be counter
to the majority opinion.
Demonstrates consistent ongoing involvement.
excellent preparation: exceptional ideas and comments, relating
them to readings and other material (e.g., course material, other
classes, discussions, experiences, etc.).
Offers analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of readings, e.g., puts
together pieces of the discussion to develop new approaches that
take the class further.
Contributes in a very significant way to ongoing discussion: keeps
analysis focused, responds very thoughtfully to other students'
comments, contributes to the cooperative argument-building, suggests
alternative ways of approaching material and helps class analyze
which approaches are appropriate, etc.
Demonstrates ongoing very active involvement.
(Adapted from Martha L. Maznevski, Grading Class Participation.
A newsletter for Faculty and TAs. Teaching Resource Center, 1996)