February 2005


Department of Psychology
Gilmer Hall, P.O. Box 400400
University of Virginia
Charlottesville, VA 22904-4400
Phone: (434) 982-4750
Fax: (434) 982-4694


  • Stanford University, Ph.D., Psychology (1991)
  • Smith College, B.A., English Literature (1983)


  • Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, 2000-present
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, 1996-2000
  • National Science Foundation Visiting Professor, Department of Psychology, University of California at Berkeley, 1996
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of San Francisco, 1991-1996
  • Laboratory Technician, University of California, San Francisco, 1985-1987
  • Technical Writer, Fortune Systems Corporation, 1983-1985


  • British Psychological Society Visiting Fellow, 2003
  • Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary and Cultural Psychology, Leipzig, Visiting Fellow, 2003
  • University Teaching Fellow, University of Virginia, 1999-2000
  • American Psychological Association Boyd McCandless Young Scientist Award, 1999
  • Visiting Scientist, Japanese Developmental Psychology Society, Tokyo, 1998
  • American Psychological Association Outstanding Dissertation Award (Division 7), 1992


  • National Institutes of Health #RO1HD36808. An investigation of the signs of pretense. PI. Direct costs: $425,000. 4/1/01-2/28/04.
  • National Science Foundation Woman Scientist Award, #DGE-9550152. Early development in children's understanding of the mental state of pretense. PI. Direct costs: $150,166. 1/1/96-12/31/98.
  • National Institutes of Health Academic Research Enhancement Award, #R15-HD30418. The development of children's understanding of pretend. PI. Direct costs: $105,000. 7/1/93-6/31/96.
  • National Institutes of Health Training in Neurobiology and Behavior Development Training Grant (Peter Brunjes, PI.) Direct costs $1,550,500. 5/1/01-4/30/06


  • Keynote Speaker, British Psychological Association (Developmental), Coventry, 2003
  • Keynote Speaker, La Teoria Della Mente Nello Sviluppo Normale E Patologico, Milano, 2002
  • Invited Address, Japan Developmental Psychology Society, Tokyo, 1998


  • Jean Piaget Society, 2003 (Organizer and speaker)
  • Conference on Human Development, 2002 (Organizer and speaker)


  • American Psychological Association
    Annual Convention
  • Cambridge University
  • Center for Advanced Study of
    the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford
  • Conference on Intentionality
    Cognitive Science Institute, Oregon
  • CUNY Graduate Center
  • Eastern Kentucky University
  • Emory University
  • Georgia State University
  • Harvard University
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Kyoto University
  • Max Planck Institute for the Study of
    Evolution and Culture, Leipzig
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • Shirayuri College, Tokyo
  • Stanford University
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • University of California, Santa Cruz
  • University of North Carolina, Greensboro
  • University of Nottingham
  • University of Oregon
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • University of Padua
  • University of Rome
  • University of Virginia
    Teaching Fellows Program
    Teaching Workshop
  • Vanderbilt University




Recent Journal Articles and Chapters

Many of these publications are available for download. If you would like a paper copy sent to you, please visit Angeline Lillard's reprints page.

  • Lillard, A.S. (in press). Mothers' structuring and others' interpreting of pretend play. In Goncu, A. and Gaskins, S. Play and Development: Evolutionary, Sociocultural and Functional Perspectives. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
  • Lillard, A.S. (in press). Inside/outside: Where children from different cultural contexts focus their explanations for behavior. In Antonietti A., Liverta-Sempio O., and Marchetti A. (Eds.), Theory of mind and language in different developmental contexts. Amsterdam: Wolters Kluwer.
  • Callaghan, T., Rochat, P., Lillard, A., Claux, M.L., Odden, H., Itakura, S., Tapanya, S., & Singh, S. (in press). Synchrony in the onset of mental state reasoning: Evidence from 5 cultures. Psychological Science
  • Lillard, A.S., & Witherington, D.S. (2004). Mothers' behavior modifications during pretense snacks and their possible signal value for toddlers. Developmental Psychology, 40, 95-113. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (2004). Discriminating pretense and real snacks: A fundamental problem in early social cognition. British Developmental Psychology Forum, 62, 9-17.
  • Richert, R., & Lillard, A.S. (2004) Observers' proficiency at identifying pretense acts based on behavioral cues. Cognitive Development, 19, 223-240. Download
  • Lillard, A.S., & Skibbe, L.E. (2004). Theory of mind: Conscious attribution and spontaneous trait inferences. In R. Hassin, J. Uleman, & J. Bargh (Eds.), The new unconscious. NY: Oxford. (2ndEd.) Download
  • Ganea, P.A., Lillard, A.S., & Turkheimer, E. (2004). Preschooler's understanding of the role of mental states and action in pretense. Cognition and Development, 5, 213-238. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (2002). Pretend play and cognitive development. U. Goswami (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive development (pp. 188-205). London: Blackwell. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (2002). Just through the looking glass: children's understanding of pretense. In R. Mitchell (Ed.), Pretending and imagination in animals and children (pp. 102-114). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Download
  • Richert, R., & Lillard, A.S. (2002). Children's understanding of the knowledge prerequisites of drawing and pretending. Developmental Psychology, 38, 1004-1015. Download
  • Sobel, D., & Lillard, A.S. (2002). Children's understanding of the mind's involvement in pretense: do words bend the truth? Developmental Science, 5, 87-97. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (2001). Pretend play as Twin Earth: A social-cognitive analysis. Developmental Review, 21, 495-531. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (2001). Explaining the connection: Pretend play and theory of mind. In S. Reifel (Ed.), Theory in context and out. Vol. 3, Play and culture studies (pp. 173-178). Westport, CT: Ablex. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (2001). Pretending, understanding pretense, and understanding minds. In S. Reifel (Ed.), Theory in context and out. Vol. 3, Play and culture studies (pp. 233-254). Westport, CT: Ablex. Download
  • Sobel, D.M., & Lillard, A.S. (2001). The impact of fantasy and action on young children's understanding of pretence. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 19, 85-98. Download
  • Lillard, A.S., Zeljo, A., Curenton, S., & Kaugers, A. (2000). Children's understanding of the animacy constraint on pretense. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 46, 21-44. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1999). A cultural feast. Cross-Cultural Psychology Bulletin, March, 22-26.
  • Lillard, A.S., & Curenton, S. (1999). Do young children understand what others feel, want, and know? Young Children, 54, 52-57. Reprinted (2003) in C. Copple (Ed.), A world of difference (pp. 46-51). Washington D.C.: NAEYC Press. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1999). Developing a cultural theory of mind: The CIAO approach. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 57-61. Download
  • Lillard, A.S., & Sobel, D. (1999). Lion Kings vs. puppies: the influence of fantasy on children's understanding of pretense. Developmental Science, 2, 75-80. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1999). Siegal on Piaget's legacy: Gricean child meets blundering experimenter. Developmental Science, 2, 18-21. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1998). Wanting to be it: Children's understanding of intentions underlying pretense. Child Development, 69, 981-993. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1998). Ethnopsychologies: Cultural variations in theory of mind. Psychological Bulletin, 123, 3-30. Download
  • Lillard A.S. (1998). Ethnopsychologies: Reply to Wellman and Gauvain. Psychological Bulletin, 123, 43-46. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1998). Playing with a theory of mind. In O.N. Saracho & B. Spodek (Eds.), Multiple perspectives on play in early childhood education (pp. 11-33). Series Editor: M. Jensen. New York: SUNY Press. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1998). Casting the theory net wide. Review of Gopnik & Meltzoff (1997). Contemporary Psychology, 43, 663-665.
  • Lillard, A.S. (1998). The source of universal conceptions: A look from folk psychology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 14, 580.
  • Lillard, A.S. (1998). Theories behind theories of mind. Human Development, 41, 40-44. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1997). Other folks' theories of mind and behavior. Psychological Science, 8, 268-274. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1996). Body or mind: Children's categorizing of pretense. Child Development, 67, 1717-1734. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1994). Making sense of pretence. In C. Lewis and P. Mitchell (Eds.), Children's early understanding of mind: Origins and development (pp. 211-234). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Download
  • Harris, P.L., Lillard, A.S., & Perner, J. (1994). Commentary: Triangulating pretence and belief. In C. Lewis & P. Mitchell (Eds.), Children's early understanding of mind: Origins and development (pp. 287-293). NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Lillard, A.S. (1993). Pretend play skills and the child's theory of mind. Child Development, 64, 348-371. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1993). Young children's conceptualization of pretense: Action or mental representational state? Child Development, 64, 372-386. Download
  • Lillard, A.S. (1993). Moving forward on cultural learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 528-529.
  • Lillard, A.S. (1993). Review of M. Stambak & H. Sinclair (Eds.), Pretend play in 3-year-olds. Child Development Abstracts and Bibliography, 67, 89-90.
  • Lillard, A.S., & Flavell, J.H. (1992). Young children's understanding of different mental states. Developmental Psychology, 28, 626-634. Download
  • Lillard, A.S., & Flavell, J.H. (1990). Young children's preference for mental state versus behavioral descriptions of human action. Child Development, 61, 731-741. Download

Community Service Writing

  • Balancing Work and Family, Occasional paper Series, University of Virginia Teaching Resource Center.
  • Testing Mania, in Parenting for a New World, 13(1). Reprinted in First Capitol News, St. Charles, MO.
  • 2002-2004 Monthly articles on education-relevant psychology research for the Montessori Community School newsletter.


  • Review Panel Head (Social Cognition/Theory of Mind), SRCD 2005
  • Editorial Consultant, British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2003-present
  • Editorial Board, Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1998-2000
  • Editorial Board, Developmental Psychology, 1995-1999
  • Reviewer, SRCD 2001, 2003
  • Co-organizer (with Dr. Alison Gopnik), Second Current Directions in Theory of Mind Research Conference, Berkeley, CA, 1996
  • Co-organizer (with Zita Meijer and Dr. Jon Haidt), Regional Workshop on Cultural Psychology, Charlottesville, VA, 1998
  • Film Appearances:
    • The Human Baby, 2004, Discovery Television.
    • Coast Learning Systems' Child Development Series: Stepping Stones. #112 "Playing and Learning," #113 "Playing and Socializing," 2002


TEACHING at the University of Virginia

DEPARTMENTAL and UNIVERSITY SERVICE at the University of Virginia

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