|Outlined below are just a few of the famous Russian painters.||
|Russian culture is rich in artistry, much of which is predominated by religious motifs.|
|Theophanes the Greek||
Theophanes the Greek:
Theophanes the Greek was born in the 14th Century, approximately in the 1330's. Theophanes arrived in Novgorod in around 1378 and during his shot stay painted famous murals in the Church of Transfiguration. Theophanes is also credited with partly developing Andrei Rublev's genius through the painting together of the murals for the Annunciation Cathedral.
Andrei Rublev was born around 1370, a period of monastic revival. As a result of this revival, Rublev matured in a period of great support for the Eastern Orthodox Church. Rublev was a monk in the Trinity-St. Sergius Monastery. The monastery, founded by the most famous Russian Saint, Saint Sergius emphasized "fraternity, calm, love toward God and spiritual self-improvement." Rublev's icon-painting is well-known for it's simplicity yet profound ability to convey religious idea while transcending traditional iconography.
Dionisii or Dionysius was born around 1440. It is in Dionisii's lifetime that Muscovite Russia finally ended it's domination by the Mongols.
Simon Ushakov was born in 1626 and represents a combination of the traditional style of Russian icon painting with the realistic elements and details of Western European art. We see here a definite Western influence which is indicative of an important cultural question that will plague Russians: should Russian art reflect Western advances or remain pure, what is "truly Russian." Notice the three dimensional aspect of the icons of Ushakov which is an unique change from the previous icons we've seen.