Back to publications

Bakdash, J.Z., Linkenauger, S.A., and, Proffitt, D.R. (2008). Comparing decision-making vs. control for learning a virtual environment: Backseat drivers learn where they are going. In Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2008 Conference Proceedings.

A considerable amount of research has been conducted on the role interactivity, active versus passive navigation, for learning the spatial layout of a virtual environment (VE). However, active navigation is not unitary. It has two distinct components: decision-making and control. In the present work we investigated which main component of active navigation was critical for acquiring spatial knowledge of a virtual city. We found that spatial knowledge was comparable when the VE was learned with active navigation or decision-making in the absence of control, but was much worse when only control was present. These results suggest decision-making, not control, is the critical component for learning a VE.

Back to Top


For more information on the Proffitt Perception Lab, please email the webmaster.
102 Gilmer Hall  Box 400400  Charlottesville, VA 22904
(434) 982-4744
Driving Directions