Surrounding the above described detectors is a high resolution shower calorimeter which contains 240 detector modules all of which are made of pure CsI. Its geometry is spherical with two openings for beam entry and readout of inner detectors as displayed in figure .
Figure: The pion beta shower calorimeter and its segmentation as a result of a class II geodesic subdivision of an icosahedron. It contains 240 modules each of which is read with a photomultiplier tube glued at its back face. The edge vetoes (20 in total) define the boundary of the openings. There is a gap of between modules, a gap filled by the wrapping material around each detector.
Table: Some other properties of the shower calorimeter.
The solid angle coverage of the calorimeter is about of , and its modularity is obtained from a class II geodesic triangulation of an icosahedron as explained in the next chapter. As a result of the geodesic breakdown, there are nine distinct modular shapes which make up the 240 detectors: one truncated pentagonal pyramid (P), four different types of truncated hexagonal pyramids (A, B, C and D) and four different types of truncated trapezoidal pyramids (HD and VT). The average thickness of a detector module is 12 radiation lengths () and the average solid angle it subtends is . The dimensions of the nine different shapes have been determined in such a way as to leave a gap of between adjacent modules in the entire calorimeter. However, the gap is not an air gap. Rather, it accounts for the surface treatment and the wrapping of the modules.
Table: Properties of the pentagonal pyramid.
Figure: The truncated pentagonal pyramid. It is the only regular geometry of the 9 shapes and there are 10 such modules in the calorimeter.
Each of the modules with pentagonal and hexagonal shapes is viewed by a 3-inch photomultiplier tube (PMT) with quartz window while the other modules are each readout with a 2-inch PMT also with quartz window, (the spectral response of CsI peaks in the UV region to which the quartz is transparent). The PMT are glued to the back faces of the modules with a layer of silicon elastomer of Sylgard 184. Some parameters of the calorimeter are cataloged in table . The information regarding the individual modular shapes are compiled in the following tables 5.3-5.11 and the shapes themselves are also shown in the figures 5.9-5.18. The dimensions of the modules were submitted (for their fabrication) to the companies specialized in the growth of CsI. Twenty-five of them were produced by Bicron corporation while the rest are being made in Kharkov (Ukraine).
Table: Properties of the hexagonal pyramid A.
Figure: The truncated hexagonal pyramid A. There are 50 such modules in the calorimeter. Each pentagon is surrounded on all its five sides by hexagon A's.
Table: Properties of the hexagonal pyramid B.
Figure: The truncated hexagonal pyramid B. There are also 50 hexagon B in the calorimeter.
Table: Properties of the hexagonal pyramid C.
Figure: The truncated hexagonal pyramid C. The calorimeter contains 50 hexagon C.
Table: Properties of the hexagonal pyramid D.
Figure: The truncated hexagonal pyramid D. There are 40 hexagon D in the calorimeter instead of 50 as the other types of hexagonal pyramids.
Table: Properties of the trapezoidal pyramid HD1.
Figure: The truncated trapezoidal pyramid HD1. There are 10 of these modules in the calorimeter. In the original geodesic breakdown, this shape and its mirror symmetry HD2 generate the hexagonal pyramid D. As a result, they have been named HD for Half hexagon D. In the limit of zero gap between modules in the calorimeter, HD1 and HD2 would perfectly reproduce the hexagon D.
Table: Properties of the trapezoidal pyramid HD2.
Figure: The truncated trapezoidal pyramid HD2. The calorimeter contains 10 of them and the are the mirror symmetry of the HD1's.