QUESTIONS ONE SHOULD BE PREPARED TO ANSWER FOR JOB INTERVIEWS
Mary Corbin Sies, Dept. of American Studies, University of Maryland, College Park
This is a list of job interview questions I compiled when I was applying for college or university positions in American studies, history, and architectural history. I have kept it up to date; every category of question I have ever been asked at a job interview is represented below. You are welcome to link to and use these questions so long as the above credit line is included and that you do not alter the content if you choose to reproduce this page. I would be interested in receiving feedback about the usefulness of the list and I will maintain and update it as I hear from you. Good luck in your job search.
1. Describe your research. (Have a good articulate rap down pat in short and longer versions, for experts and non-experts).
1a. What audiences are you addressing, what are the other hot books or scholars in your field, and how does your work compare w/theirs?
1ai. (Rephrased: what is the cutting edge in your field and how does your work extend it?)
1aii. (Answer this question on your terms, not those of your competition).
1b. How will you go about revising your dissertation for publication?
1bi. (be able to answer this in both general and specific ways).
1bii. Question may imply: do you have an interested publisher and where do you stand in your negotiations w/said publisher?
1biii. Question may also imply: we thought there were some significant shortcomings in your thesis, but we like you, so we're giving you this chance to redeem yourself by indicating that you're in the process of addressing these shortcomings in ways that we think appropriate.
1c. What you've said is all very interesting, but doesn't work in your field sometimes tend to border on the (choose adjective) esoteric, antiquarian, (and if postmodern) ridiculous? What is the broader significance of your research? How does it expand our historic understanding, literary knowledge, humanistic horizons?
1ci. Remember that this is a legitimate and important question--may be the toughest one you get.
1cii. Usually asked by someone outside your field. Can you explain the value of your work to an educated layperson?
1ciii. Asks you to grapple w/limitations in your research. Don't be afraid to acknowledge these, particularly if you can use such an acknowledgement to indicate where you intend to go in your research after this. (My doctoral research, you see, is only the necessary first step...)
2. What is your basic teaching philosophy?
2a. Question might be answered quite differently for the small liberal arts college, state branch university w/heavy service teaching load, or graduate-degree granting institution.
3. How would you teach...?
3a. basic service courses in your field
3b. any of the courses on your C.V. that you say you can teach.
3c. What courses would you like to teach if you had your druthers? how would you teach them?
3d. (many committees will want to know which specific books you would use).
3di. this may be an indirect way of ascertaining whether you already have the course in the can.
3dii. Do you, for ex., know what is and is not in print in pb form?
3diii. Which text would you use (have you used) for the U.S. Survey, for English composition, for Am Lit 101, etc.? (Beware: this can turn into a great test of your poise and diplomatic skills when one search committee member says "I love that book" and the next says "I wouldn't be caught dead including that text on MY syllabus.")
3e. Be prepared to talk about several courses, after having sized up the institution's needs.
3ei. Do your homework to anticipate what the department needs.
3eii. Be prepared to talk about teaching its basic service course(s). If you're applying to a small liberal arts College, this could include things like Western Civilization, Western European art history, Brit Lit., etc.
3eiii. Be ready to talk in detail about an innovative course or two that you think the Department might really go for--something new and w/in your expertise.
3f. Take course X. As you would teach it, what three goals would the course achieve? When students had completed your course, what would they have learned that is of lasting value?
4. Tell us how your research has influenced your teaching. In what ways have you been able to bring the insights of your research to your courses at the undergraduate level?
5. We are a service-based state branch university with an enrollment of three zillion student credit hours per semester, most of them in the basic required courses. Everyone, therefore, teaches the service courses. How would you teach Hist Or Lit or Art 101?
5a. (what they are asking is are you willing/experienced/ mentally stable enough to teach a heavy service course load to students who've likely read fewer than 3 books in their entire lives).
5b. (they may also be saying) No one on the faculty (much less the students ) at Mediocre State U has even heard of the figure/subject/method of your research. How do you think you could fit in here? Could you be happy or at least useful in a backwater? (i.e., can she survive in Timbuktu with idiots for colleagues and morons for students?)
6. Your degree is from Prestige Research University--what makes you think you would like to (or even would know how to) teach in a small liberal arts college?
6a. Depending on the college, this may be one or two questions:
6ai. (can she survive in Timbuktu with idiots for colleagues and morons for students?) same as 5b.
6aii. do you understand the liberal arts college mission, are you a dedicated teacher, and will you give your students the time and personal attention that we demand from all our faculty members?
6b. At our college, teaching is the first priority. Do you like teaching? Would you survive (and thrive) under those circumstances?
6c. What experience do you have teaching or learning in such a setting?
7. This is a publish or perish institution with very high standards for tenure review--what makes you think you would be able to earn tenure here? (see next question).
8. Tell us about your research program. What are you working on currently? (now that you've completed your doctoral work)? What do you plan to look at next?
8a. Having a paper or a talk ready that showcases a topic different from your doctoral research demonstrates research prowess.
9. Why do you especially want to teach at Nameless College or University? How do you see yourself contributing to our department?
9a. (The real answer to this, of course, is "because I need the job, jerk!" But don't be caught without a well-considered answer. This is a hard question to answer if you are unprepared for it. Be sure you've done your homework).
9b. (for small colleges) We conceive of our campus as one large community. What non- or extra-academic activities would you be interested in sponsoring or participating in?
10. Are you connected? (If you were organizing a special symposium or mini-conference on your topic, which scholars could you pick up the phone to call?)
11. For women only: (Hem, haw) What does your husband think about you taking a job in another state?
11a. How long do you (do you really) plan to stay? The correct answer is "at least until my tenure review." These days, no one expects a longer commitment than that.
11b. How will you handle the separation? (This is asking for reassurance that you plan to live at Nameless U rather than commuting from your husband's home base. The last woman they hired did that and it didn't work out; she was never around).
11bi. they may be trying to ascertain whether you have children w/o asking directly.
11bii. you may want to offer a strategy for how you're going to manage your marriage (we've done this before--it's no big deal; my husband has a more marketable career and can't wait to follow me to your wonderful location; it's none of your business).
11biii. if you're not obviously married (if you're straight or gay and have a SO), committees probably will not bother you with these sorts of questions. It will then be up to you to raise them if they are important to you. Would there be any chance, for ex., of landing a joint appointment for my "fiancee" or "companion"? I don't recommend this unless it's a decisive issue for you. If it is decisive, and it's a job you want, then by all means raise it at the time of the campus interview.
11c. An enlightened and clever search committee might raise this question with a candidate, acknowledging that it's a personal matter but will weigh on your decision to take the job, should you get an offer.
11d. Whether you're male or female, a search committee (assuming they find you an especially attractive candidate) may try to ascertain this sort of information to 1) inform you (because they feel it's only fair) what their institution's policy is on joint offers, or 2) see what it would realistically take to land you (is a joint offer the only terms you'll accept).
11di. (As someone who has been stuck in a commuting marriage for 7 years now, I am obviously not the best person to give advice on how to pull this off).
11dii. A wrong answer to such an inquiry may disqualify your candidacy.
12. You've seen our (religious) mission statement. How would you see yourself contributing to our mission and campus atmosphere?
12a. technically, asking about your religious affiliation/ beliefs is an illegal question. Committees will be more or less direct with you about this question and you can perceive the degree of conformity/support they expect according to how they broach the subject.
12b. they are also trying to tell you that character (defined in their traditional, conservative way) counts at the institution and in town as well; they want you to withdraw from consideration if you won't fit in.
Academic Job Interview Advice
Mary Corbin Sies, Department of American Studies, University of Maryland, College Park, firstname.lastname@example.org
The following is the text of a talk that I gave at the American Studies Association Annual Meeting in Kansas City, Missouri, as part of the ASA Students Committee-sponsored session on Job Interviewing, Sunday, Nov. 3, 1996. You are welcome to link to or to reproduce this page so long as you include the credit line above and do not alter the content. Please let me know how useful you find the advice. I will try to adjust and maintain the content according to your feedback.
I was on the job market between 1984-87. During those years I applied for about 140 jobs. I participated in a couple dozen convention interviews and about six campus interviews. The advice that follows is based on those experiences as well as my experiences more recently on the other side of the fence, interviewing job candidates.
Job Interview Workshop
American Studies Association Annual Meeting
November 3, 1996
Good morning. My job this morning is to give you some general advice on interviewing for academic jobs, with a special focus on graduate degree granting institutions. My first piece of advice--and probably the most important one I give--is that you should market yourself for the specific job and come to the interview prepared to talk knowledgeably about what you have to offer that specific institution. Academic institutions fall into four general categories and we're going to cover at least three of these this morning:
1. Ph.D-degree granting institutions
2. State university or college branch campuses (non-flagship universities), many of which will be excellent places to be but which will often carry heavier teaching loads
3. Small universities or colleges offering a liberal arts curriculum
4. And community colleges, most of which have very local constituencies and a large percentage of fully mature students.
Each institution will be interested in different qualities in its job candidates; this will become evident in the types of questions you're asked at interviews.
Carolyn de la Pena, Chair of the ASA Students' Committee, asked me to speak about the competition for tenure track jobs at a graduate-degree granting university. What does it take to land a job at the University of Maryland, College Park, or a similar place? I don't have to tell you what a depressing subject this is--the nature of the market right now makes the competition ridiculous. And it's worth remembering that it's ridiculous because you need to develop coping mechanisms for dealing with what seem like and are impossibly high standards, especially for entry level jobs. Search committees interviewing candidates for a tenure-track entry level position at a graduate degree granting university will look for the following credentials, as a general rule:
1. Ph.D. in hand (or 3/4s of your dissertation to show by December-January)
2. Book or book contract (no, this is not fair. I was once told that I did not make the short list of 10 for a tenure track job because I didn't have a book published or nearly finished).
3. Other publications--placing publications in refereed journals is especially important. One article in a well-thought of academic journal makes a real difference.
4. Teaching experience--you need something in addition to teaching assistantships. Search committees will want to know whether you have lectures written, whether you can teach their department's service courses, and whether you can manage graduate students. They will prefer that candidates have some teaching experience post-Ph.D. or outside of a graduate assistantship and they will look for evidence that you can you handle a full load of teaching (anywhere from 2/2 to 4/4)
5. Some evidence that your work has been recognized by others. This evidence usually comes in the form of honors, awards, grants, and fellowships that you have received. In these times of tightening budgets for higher education everywhere, a streak of entrepreneurship--the ability to bring in money to support your research or some other academic enterprise--may seem very attractive.
6. Recognition of your work by scholars in your field outside of your home university. This may simply come in the form of letters of recommendation from scholars outside your home university in your credentials file.
7. Evidence of connectedness. Have you been asked to do the sorts of things that come by networking--write book reviews, serve as a commentator on panels, serve as an officer in the local chapter of your professional organization, organize panels, etc.?
8. Administrative ability--such as service on program committees, organization of conferences, academic advising, etc. What is the evidence that you work well as part of a team?
9. Collegiality. Do not underestimate the importance of "the lunch test".
10. Firm plans for future research. This is important for a department's assessment of whether you're likely to achieve tenure at their institution. Being able to go to an interview and give a first rate paper on a subject other than your dissertation is especially impressive.
A good 5-20 people per job may have all or most of these credentials (at least in quantity if not in quality), That's what you're up against.
To get to a campus interview, most job applicants have to survive interviewing at a convention. The convention interview is challenging because you must present yourself so strongly in such a short time. The logistics are as follows: You will generally be called in advance to schedule the interview, but "in advance" may be as late as 2-3 days before the conference starts. It is important that you try to agree on a time and place before the conference starts--it's surprisingly hard and stressful for the candidate to try to reach search committee members during the convention--no one is ever in his/her room. The interview will probably last from 30-45 minutes. It may go longer if they like you.
Convention interviews are usually divided into four components:
1. questions about research
2. questions about teaching. These may very well predominate and will often take the form of specific questions like "what books would you use to teach ..."
3. They'll tell you about the school and the job
4. They'll let you ask questions
My survival advice for convention interviews is:
1. Be prepared. Be sure that you have researched the school so that you have ascertained their needs and can direct your remarks to what they appear to need. This includes knowing who's on the staff, who teaches what and how territorial the place is. You don't want to outline a course that someone else is already very invested in teaching. I prepare a cram sheet for each interview that records my research for the job, my analysis of their needs, and the anticipated questions I'll need to address. It also includes the questions I want to ask them.
2. Strike fast. Try to establish your candidacy in the first 5 minutes of the interview. The standard pieces of advice for business interviews apply here, too. Look people in the eye. Answer questions succinctly. Have ready good snappy short and medium length answers to the standard questions. DO NOT drone on for 15 minutes about the minutiae of your dissertation.
3. It's an old cliche, but try to relax and be yourself. Don't try to hide who you are. Be careful about creating different personas for different interviews at the convention. You will be seeing search committee members throughout the weekend and you need to remember who you are for each encounter. Believe in your skills and give it your best shot.
4. Dress distinctively (but don't violate too many conventions). After 2-3 days trapped in a hotel room interviewing, search committee members are completely fried or bored or both. It'll be hard to remember you if you looked and dressed like every other candidate.
If you are lucky enough to get a campus interview, a "flyback," the advice I gave earlier about marketing yourself for the specific institution becomes triply important. Do your homework. Read the catalog and all the literature you can get your hands on. Call friends or acquaintances who are familiar with the university. Pump your networks for the inside dope. Be prepared to be specific about how you might enhance any one of the department's programs or initiatives. The logistics are that they will generally fly you in for 1-2 days. The atmosphere of the campus interview (barring severe factionalism) is usually quite pleasant. You will most likely be treated well and given every consideration.
What should you expect for a campus interview at a Ph.D.-granting institution? Your presentation will most likely be the most important part of the interview. Have your remarks prepared, after ascertaining what they want, who your audience will be, how long they expect you to talk, and whether they want you to give a formal paper or an informal seminar on your research. How you handle questions will be closely evaluated. On occasion, depending on the circumstances of the search and what kind of folks your future colleagues are, the Q&A; session following your talk may get adversarial. Don't let them see you sweat. Be prepared to talk about your research often and in detail to different constituencies of the department and university. They must evaluate your prospects for passing a tenure review in 5-6 years. (It may help you to know that at some institutions, a tenure line will not be returned to the unit automatically after a tenure denial. Your success, therefore, may be vital to the unit's ability to maintain its present size and strength.)
Be ready to discuss how you would teach at least 3 undergraduate courses and 1 graduate seminar. Most of these should be classes you know they expect you to teach. One should be something special, entrepreneurial--something drawing on your strengths that could really enhance their curriculum and that other candidates would not be able to offer. The inability to talk knowledgeably about more than one course is unimpressive. Search committees will expect you to be prepared for these questions. If there is some kind of special initiative that the dept is working on, being ready to say how you could contribute to it will be impressive. For example, my department is using the World Wide Web for a lot of undergraduate teaching and we're building a virtual museum which serves as the base for this work. What skills or ideas could you bring to this project?
Although negotiations concerning the job will be conducted with the Chair or Head of the department at a graduate-degree granting institution, you may be booked for an interview with the Dean. If so, this will be an important interview; deans authorize offers. Be prepared to explain the importance of your research to someone who has no training in your field. Be able to demonstrate your "connectedness" and high regard within your field. If the Chair hires a star, the Dean will get credit for it. The Dean wants to know whether landing you will enhance his or her (university's) standing. If you can, use the Dean interview to educate him or her about the importance of your subject matter and, by extension, your new department to current scholarly doings. You may be asked to comment on all kinds of developments in higher education that the dean is interested in. There is no substitute for regular reading of the Chronicle of Higher Education at a time like this.
Be ready to sell your candidacy to the graduate students. Making the separation between being a graduate student and teaching them is not easy. Put some thought into how you will handle this before the interview.
Exercise good manners and display collegiality at all of the social occasions. There is NEVER a time when you are visiting that you are NOT being interviewed. It's an obvious point, but watch your drinking. It's surprising how many candidates get nervous and overimbibe--usually not to the point of drunkenness but enough that they don't feel very well on the second day. Do not let your guard down and confess things--fears, misgivings, shortcomings in your work, where you REALLY stand with your dissertation writing to ANYONE while you are there. Last year I was invited to the dinners for all five candidates for a position in a neighboring department and I was often the last person the candidate saw that day. Every single one of them said something to me that he or she shouldn't have.
Here are a few last bits of advice: Search choices are mind-bogglingly arbitrary. You must develop mechanisms for dealing with this aspect of the process. (I took to ritually burning my rejection letters in the fireplace after the first 30 or so piled in. Silly, but it helped). Thorough preparation for a campus job interview takes far more time than you may have. Plan ahead and manage your time to do the best you can. Don't stint on this part of the interviewing process.
Good luck in your job search. May you remember that there really was a reason you went into this business and get a chance to do what you do so well.
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