In the ninth grade, you learned that subjects were doers
and actions were verbs
Now you have to learn that subjects might be characters,
but not necessarily; that verbs might be actions, but not necessarily.
Readers prefer that subjects be characters and actions
be verbs, but writers can displace actions from verbs by turning
into nouns, and they can displace characters from subjects
by moving them elsewhere or deleting them altogether.
When your prose departs from the expected correlation
between the story elements and the sentence elements,
* readers will judge your prose to be indirect, abstract, complex,
dense, and unclear
* readers will have to work harder to translate from your words
to a story that they can remember
* readers will have to fill in any missing story elements from
their own knowledge
* readers are more likely to interpret your sentence in a way you
did not expect or want.