Old to New
Identify/Generate the principle
Time: 15 minutes
Write the sentences below on the board, one at a time. For the
first set, after you write each sentence, stop and ask students
how many of them understand the meaning of the sentence. For
the second set, after each sentence stop and ask students how
many of them learned something from the sentence that they didn't
Use their responses to define old to new: in order to inform readers,
you have to provide them with some information that they're already
familiar with, otherwise they have no way to make sense of what
you're telling them; you also need to provide them with some information
they've never heard before, otherwise, you're just repeating what
they already know. Obviously for different readers, or different
groups of readers, what's familiar and unfamiliar varies: for readers
of Golf Digest, sentence 1 might be perfectly comprehensible; for
members of the Democratic National Committee, sentence 5 might
be totally familiar.
1. 66-65; 66-66. Turnberry. 77.
2. W: 66-65; N: 66-66. Turnberry, Scotland. 1977.
3. TW.: 66-65; JN.: 66-66. Turnberry, Scotland. The British Open.
4. Tom Watson, 66-65; Jack Nicklaus, 66-66. Turnberry, Scotland.
The British Open. 1977.
5. At Turnberry in Scotland, in 1977, Tom Watson shot final rounds
of 65 and 66 to better Jack Nicklaus' rounds of 66 and 66 to win
the British Open.
1. There was a U.S. presidential election in 2000; George W. Bush
defeated Al Gore and Ralph Nader.
2. In the final Electoral College vote, Bush received 271 votes
and Gore received 267; 270 votes are needed to become president.
3. The election results were marked by confusion; in the end,
the presidency depended on the results in one state&emdash;Florida&emdash;and
it took time to decide who had actually won in Florida.
4. The Supreme Court ruled that the votes in Florida should not
be recounted, thus assuring Bush's victory.
5. A majority of Supreme Court justices decided not to recount
the votes because they believed that the recount process did not
adequately meet the provisional guarantees elaborated by the 14th
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.