Day 5 - Friday
1) Class Business (5)
* Sign-in Sheet
* Discuss Assignment for Monday 9/10; Hand out information on Fever Pitch Selections
2) Introductions and Conclusions Lecture (15)
I. Goal: What does an introduction do? What is its purpose?
A) Sets the stage for readers.
B) Readers use introductions to set up a mental framework for the argument they
will encounter in the body of the paper; readers use introductions to create
a cognitive framework of concepts, story lines, attitudes — it establishes
II. If introductions establish expectations, what does a good intro do? (Sets
up proper expectations.); A bad intro? (Sets up expectations which the body of
the essay doesn’t deliver.)
III. So, the introduction controls the reader’s developing
sense of coherence and meaning. How? By using the Grammatical Structure
A) Connecting Threads: You provide your reader with connecting threads — linking
the introduction to the body/ rest of the essay.
1) Characters: who play the principal roles in the "story" your sentences/
2) Key Concepts/ Threads: here you introduce the concepts and themes that will
be central to your argument.
B) What’s At Stake: Establish "what’s at stake" for readers
(i.e. problem statement).
C) Launching Point: The launching point it always the last sentence of the introduction,
whether you use it with this in mind or not. You should place the answer/ solution/
thesis (or an anticipation of the answer) here.
D) Purpose of this structure:
1) Characters: threads for a coherent story.
2) Themes: threads for a coherent argument.
3) What’s At Stake/ Problem Statement: So readers know how what they read
relates to their lives and concerns.
4) Launching Point: reader gains a sense of where the document is taking them.
IV. Review Problem Statement Structure
A) Prelude (new element: anecdote, quotation).
B) Status Quo
C) Destabilizing Condition/ Question
E) Solution/ Answer/ Thesis
V. Handout: The Problem Structure of an IntroductionA) Use handout
to show the parts of an introduction.
VI. What about conclusions? What do they do?
A) Mirror of Introduction: The conclusion locates your discussion with respect
to further questions and problems in the way that your introduction locates
the discussion with respect to previous questions and problems.
B) Gives you one last chance to put your discussion in a context that helps
1) Make sense of it.
2) See why it’s important to them.
C) Parts of the Conclusion:
1) Answer/ Solution
2) Implications of Answer (that lead to further consequences)
3) Remaining Ignorance (reflection of introduction’s problem)
4) Opportunities for Further Research (reflections of introductions' status
5) Coda (reflection of introduction’s prelude)
VII. What happens in the body of this essay?
A) Development (of themes, characters, question)
B) Resolution (response to question/ problem)
C) Fulfillment of Reader’s Expectations
3) Introduction/ Problem Statement Workshop (15)
* Everyone take out your introduction. When I say, "Go," I want you
to find a partner and put your desks together. Ready? "Go!"
* Now, exchange intros. Once you’ve read your partner’s introduction,
I want you to fill out the workshop sheet.
* Hand in sheets and introductions.
4) Conclude discussion of McCarthy (15)
5) Return e-mails with comments.
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