Day 19 - Wednesday
1) Class Business (5)
* Sign-in Sheet
* Discuss Assignment for Friday 10/12 (Paper #2 Due with Argument Outline)
* Paper #2 Workshop Reminder
2) Evidence Lecture (15)
I. What makes good evidence?
II. Why do we use evidence in our papers?
III. When is this evidence effective, then?
A) Evidence is effective when it convinces/ is accepted by the reader.
IV. How do we decide how much evidence to include in our essays?
A) Depends on our reader: if he/ she wants to believe our claim, then he/ she
does not need as much evidence as when he/ she wants to disagree with our claim.
B) Stronger/ more contestable claims need stronger/ less contestable evidence.
V. The 5 Rules of Good Evidence
A) Evidence must be accurate.
1) Why? In what ways?
2) Your trustworthiness at stake.
B) Evidence must be precise.
1) It’s 100% accurate to say the population of Detroit is between ten and
ten million, but it’s not very precise.
C) Evidence must be sufficient.
1) What determines this? (It depends on field, reader, etc.)
D) Evidence must be representative.
1) Drawn proportionally from the full range of potential data.
E) Evidence must be authoritative.
1) What about conflicting sources? Books? Professors?
2) How do you evaluate conflicting evidence?
* Distribute and Discuss The Five Maxims of Quality Evidence
3) Discus the "Profile" and Acocella’s "The Soloist" (30)
* Focus on uses and types of evidence. Use student assignment to expand discussion.
1) What is a "Profile"?
a) Brief biographical sketch of a famous subject (usually
one in the recent media spotlight); based on interviews with
2) Where might we find a "Profile"?
a) In a popular, arts-based medium, such as The New Yorker
3) Did you like this profile of Baryshnikov, or did you hate it? Why?
4) How does the author position herself with respect to the subject?
Why is there an "I" in the profile?
a) The profile based on interviews with the subject.
5) What are the profile’s organizing claims?
a) What claim is Acocella making about Baryshnikov? (62-3)
b) How does the title fit in with these claims?
6) What types of evidence does Acocella use to support her claim(s)?
a) Interviews with Baryshnikov (by others, previously published; her own
b) Traveling to Riga with Baryshnikov (an observer of his actions, facial moves,
conversations and interactions with others, including his family).c) His performances.
d) Information from other witnesses (interviews with family and friends).
e) Articles and books.
f) His movies.
4) Reasons and Evidence Game (if time allows) (15)
* Ask for 3 volunteers (people who have not volunteered before). These students
will serve as judges and moderators. Divide rest of class into two teams.
* As a class, brainstorm some claims about Fall Break.
* Give the teams one of the claims: their goal is to provide rapid fire reasons
and evidence in support of that claim. Team A will start us off by providing
a reason to support the claim. Team B then has 20 seconds to provide evidence
to support this reason (Dr. Jerry Punch evidence is permitted). Team A then
has 20 seconds to provide another piece of evidence to support their claim.
Team B then has 20 seconds to provide a new reason to support the original
* The judges will decide if the reasons and evidence given support the claim/
reason being argued. Each team can challenge the other’s response. If
a team has not provided a sufficient reason or evidence, the other team will
receive 1 point. The team with the most points gets a treat.
5) Collect Evidence Paragraphs
6) Return Bedford Worksheet, Paper #2 Introductions, and Revisions of Paper
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