Overarching concepts

Agency

What I mean by agency

The dilemma of agency

Control

Efficiency

Parallel processing: Newton and time

Expertise: JP Morgan and Duveen the art dealer

 

The variety of agents

Nation-voter

Voter-representative

Representative-committee

Committee member-chair

NOTE party structure as well

 

Collective Action

Unevenly distributed benefits

Costly collaboration

 

 

The article

 

Pressures on members

Re-election and …

Money

Endorsements

Public opinion

… Conscience (own agenda)

thus Instrumental Behavior

 

Preference Heterogeneity (PH) and the Pressure for Rules

PH in isolation

PH

Weight to give each issue

Position to take on each issue

Lots of PH leads to "diversity"

Diversity requires cooperation

What is "cooperation"?

Not just coordination

Gains and losses

What does the need for cooperation produce?

Suspicion

Opportunism

Costly cooperation -> Need for settled procedures -> Institutionalization -> History matters

 

Problems in the Legislature

Majority cycles

Unweighted voting (Median voter)

Information (Ignorance)

Compliance

 

Responses to these problems

Institutions generally

What is an institution?

Rules

Meta-rules

Politics

Congress as an institution

Committees

Features

Jurisdiction

Specialization

The institution must assign ….

Issues to committees

Members to committees

Rules to bills from committees

Delegations to committees

Gatekeeping and proposals (High)

Interchamber (Very high)

7/1388 in House

7/1180 in Senate

Oversight (Moderate)

Budgetary

Non-budgetary