French statesman and prime minister (19069, 191720), born in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France. He trained as a doctor, worked as a teacher in the USA (1865--9), then returned to France, where he became a member of the National Assembly, and in 1876 a leader of the extreme left in the Chamber of Deputies. The destroyer of many ministries, he was himself twice premier. Known as "the tiger', he presided at the Peace Conference in 1919, showing an intransigent hatred of Germany. A brilliant journalist, he founded L'Aurore, and other papers.