Joint Implementation and CDM
Because the Clean Development Mechanism remains largely undeveloped, web resources on this topic are limited. Weathervane offers a primer on the CDM which introduces the basic concepts behind the mechanism. Resources for the Future presents a paper on the lessons that can be learned for CDM based on the United States Initiative on Joint Implementation. The paper shows the need for clear incentives for countries and goals for investors in order for CDM projects to be successful. The Canadian Nuclear Association suggests that the rules for the CDM should be flexible and give parties the ability to implement innovative programs. Aside from a bullet list of suggestions, however, the CNA's web site offers little substantive material on CDM. The Pew Center on Global Climate Change provides information on projects and policy analysis related to global warming. Among other reports which can be downloaded, particularly relevant are "Developing Countries & Global Climate Change: Electric Power Options in India" and "Developing Countries & Global Climate Change: Electric Power Options in Korea." The Tata Energy Research Institute is based in New Delhi, India and focuses on efficient use of resources, particularly in developing countries. The institute's web site contains papers related to global warming and the clean development mechanism. Because the institute is based in India, these papers tend to be from the perspective of a developing country.
Several sites contain substantial information about Joint Implementation projects under the UNFCCC. http://www.unfccc.de/program/aij/index.html includes a summary of projects implemented jointly under the UNFCCC's pilot phase. Several of these projects involved increasing the energy efficiency in power generation. The site also includes a discussion of several implementation problems of joint implementation, such as establishing baselines, and provides a list of additional references on the topic of joint implementation. http://www-esd.worldbank.org/aij/ provides the World Bank's view on projects implemented jointly. The World Bank states that "the overall objective of the World Bank AIJ program is the maximization of participation in, and learning value from, the AIJ pilot phase, which is critical for establishing a long-term basis for AIJ and other environmental trading schemes." Included in the site are the World Bank's strategy towards encouraging investment in JI, pilot project selection criteria, and issues related to pilot project implementation. The Joint Implementation Network home page describes specific joint implementation projects in details the joint implementation initiatives developed in various countries. The Czech Joint Implementation web site presents the Czech strategy and goals for the country's joint implementation initiative. The Swiss AIJ Pilot Program web site gives information about Swiss JI strategy and projects. The site is an excellent resource to learn about the types of projects that are currently being undertaken. Joint Implementation Online provides information about various governmental and nongovernmental organizations in the United States that participate in identifying and supporting JI projects. Included in the JI Online web site is information about the International Utility Efficiency Partnership, the United States Agency for International Development and links to many sites related to global warming and JI. Noticeably, the page on JI policy contains no information.