Other Japanese War Crimes
|The Attack on Pearl Harbor||
The Pearl Harbor
Attack, 7 December 1941, http://history.navy.mil/faqs/faq66-1.htm
is the official page of the Naval Historical Center. It provides a cursory
yet thorough summary of the military events leading up to and including
the attack on Pearl Harbor. Although it briefly mentions the surrounding
political events, this discussion is superficial at best. However,
the narrative of the attack is decently written and factually superb, even
listing the twenty-one ships of the Pacific Fleet that were sunk or damaged.
Nothing new or especially illuminating in this all-text site (which makes
it rather drab), but it does provide a nice summary of the events of the
Attack at Pearl Harbor,
also provides a nice discussion of the attack and the damage inflicted.
It also discusses Winston Churchill's jubilant response to FDR's intention
to declare war the next day, an interesting quote. More interestingly,
it provides witness testimony from soldiers on the USS Arizona during the
attack. This testimony provides vivid images of this scene which
are both interesting and informative. Given from the first person
point-of-view, it is especially intriguing. Several nice pictures
add to the effect.
Pearl Harbor: December 7, 1941,
provides a nice context for the attack and does so in an objective manner.
The site is maintained by the Arizona Memorial Museum Association and provides
the evidence in an according manner: it does not issue proclamations of
blame, etc. but simply discusses the events leading up to the attack and
the reasons for it as well as the results thereof. The focus is on
the damage to the USS Arizona, as would be expected, and the coverage here
is objective as well. Additionally, a number of paintings appear
on the site, courtesy of Tom Freeman's Pearl Harbor Collection.
Interesting Facts About The
Attack On Pearl Harbor, http://pages.prodigy.net/jbrien/facts.htm
simply bullets a number of "interesting facts" about the attack, as the
title suggests. Disappointingly, there is no analysis of these facts
nor are there any truly startling facts or allegations. However,
some facts are slightly "cutting edge" such as the fact that a planned
second attack was canceled because the U.S. aircraft carriers were not
in port. For the most part though, the site is not all that earth-shattering.
However, it is useful if one does not wish to sift through a great deal
of text or analysis to find the asserted facts. Additionally, the
facts asserted are all essentially all correct: no rumors or myths are
included. Also, it is quite eye-catching and well-designed.
Pearl Harbor, http://www.otr.com/pearl.html
discusses the radio coverage of the attack. Although the analysis
is relatively brief, it does provide an interesting context for the attack
as being announced just after Sammy Kaye's Sunday Serenade and interrupting
the "University of Chicago Roundtable" which was "ironically discussing
Canada's involvement in the European conflict." It also discusses
the announcements of the attacks on Manila and Burma later that afternoon.
Most interestingly, it provides an interesting insight into the isolationist
mood of the U.S. prior to the attack. A small but great picture appears
on the page as does a link to more thorough information.
Pearl Harbor! December
7, 1941 USS Arizona Burning!, http://ro.com/nalnaus/pearlvet.htm
is basically a sensationalist attempt to mobilize American military veterans
to fight for their rightful benefits which the "penny-pinching bureaucrats"
in Washington are trying to take away. Interestingly, it uses the
analogy of the isolationists in America prior to Pearl Harbor being unwilling
to act until forced to by the attack on Pearl Harbor. It does this
essentially from the angle that FDR and his aides knew of the attack
yet let it happen theory because they knew it was the only way to get into
the war. While this site does not provide much in the way of useful
facts or analysis, it does provide a simple explanation of the "FDR knew"
theory, albeit tied to an unrelated issue.
Pearl Harbor: Was It Really
Japan's Fault?, http://www.catawba.edu/dept/HISTORY/meway.htm
neatly summarizes a number of websites presenting various conspiracy theories
about the attack on Pearl Harbor. A government distrusting organization
called "Conspiracy Org." has some serious reservations regarding
the U.S. entrance into World War II and this site apparently surveys various
online arguments supporting their views. Although the links to these
sites don't actually work, this site does do a nice job of bringing together
a variety of conspiracy theories. These claims vary in their credibility,
some based only on wild speculation, some based on spurious documents and
other on logical analysis, albeit relying on some flawed premises.
Although it is a boring, text-only site, it does nicely summarize the various
"FDR knew" arguments.
Pearl Harbor: Mother of All
provides a much more in-depth argument that the attack on Pearl Harbor
was a grand conspiracy by FDR and those eager to enter the war. Relying
on a great deal of data supposedly available to President Roosevelt and
the army at the time of the attack as well as Roosevelt's apparent desire
to enter the war against Germany and its allies, this site unabashedly
declares that FDR allowed the attack to occur. It even claims that
both a Navy and an Army Court of inquiry held Washington guilty for the
attack. While the arguments are well-supported and flow from the
data offered, the sensationalist flavor of the writing and of the site
generally, detract from its credibility. Nonetheless, it is as thorough
an analysis of the conspiracy theory as I've seen.
SOME FILES RELEVANT TO THE JAPANESE ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR, DECEMBER 7, 1941, http://wiretap.spies.com/Gopher/Gov/US-History/WWII/pearl-harbor.txt includes three main documents: The United States Note To Japan of November 26, 1941, a Message from the President to the Emperor of Japan on December 6, and the Japanese Note to the United States of December 7, 1941 (The "Fourteen-Part Message"), as well as a collection of selected dispatches relevant to the attack on Pearl Harbor. These are obviously highly relevant documents and the dispatches are especially intriguing. It is important to remember, however, that, as the site notes, not all these dispatches were available to, or even known of by, the relevant actors at the time of the attack. No analysis is contained but this is a good source of primary material.
Pearl Harbor: Remembered,
is a comprehensive site in remembrance of the ships sunk and the lives
lost at Pearl Harbor. Among other pages, it contains a factual analysis
of the attack, a time-line of the events leading up to and including the
attack, and maps of Pearl Harbor and of the route taken by the Japanese
attackers over Oahu. Especially interesting is the commemoration
of "The Day", "The President" and "The Attack" which among other things,
includes summary of the manner in which the President was received the
information of the Fourteen-Part Message and of the attack. As it
is a commemorative site, it conducts no real historical analysis but does
place the destruction at Pearl Harbor in a nice context, with special focus
on the USS Arizona and USS Utah.
The Pearl Harbor Archive, http://www.sperry-marine.com/pearl/pearl1.htm
contains links to a number of important documents as well as a Military
Law Review article entitled "Kimmel, Short, Mcvay: Case Studies in Executive
Authority, Law and the Individual Rights of Military Commanders."
In addition to providing an overview of the Congressional Report and its
supporting documents and maps of combat images around the time of the attack,
several key, official documents are included. Among these are the
report of the Army Board of Inquiry, Memos from the Judge Advocate General,
the reports of the Clarke, Clausen, Dorn, Hewitt, and Knox Investigations
as well as the majority and minority Congressional opinions regarding the
events of the attack. As this is The Official Pearl Harbor Archive,
the facts and these documents are presented in a straightforward manner
with little or no subjective analysis.