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  1. Xu, S.; Evans, R. E.; Liu, T.; Zhang, G.; Demas, J. N.; Trindle, C. O.; Fraser, C. L. "Aromatic Difluoroboron β-Diketonate Complexes: Effects of π-Conjugation on Optical Properties" Inorg. Chem. 2013, 53, 3597-610.
  2. Krishna, G. R.; Kiran, M. S. R. N.; Fraser, C. L.; Ramamurty, U.; Reddy, C. M. "The Relationship of Solid-State Plasticity to Mechanochromic Luminescence in Dlfluoroboron Avobenzone Polymorphs" Adv. Funct. Mater.2013, 23, 1422-30 (+ journal cover).
  3. Liu, T.; Fraser, C. L. "Discussion Addendum for: Efficient Synthesis of Halomethyl-2,2'-Bipyridines: 4,4'-Bis(Chloromethyl)-2.2'-Bipyridine" Org. Synth. 2012, 89, 82-87.
  4. Liu, T.; Fraser, C. L. "Discussion Addendum for: Synthesis of 4-, 5- and 6-Methyl-2,2'-Bipyridine by a Negishi Cross-Coupling Strategy: 5-Methyl-2,2'-Bipyridine" Org. Synth. 2012, 89, 76-81.
  5. Payne, S. J.; Zhang, G.; Demas, J. N.; Fraser, C. L.; Degraff, B. A. "Laser Phosphoroscope and Applications to Room-Temperature Phosphorescence" Appl. Spectrosc. 2011, 65, in press.
  6. Palmer, G. M.; Fontanella, A. N.; Shan, S.; Hanna, G.; Zhang, G.; Fraser, C. L.; Dewhirst, M. W. "In vivo Optical Molecular Imaging and Analysis in Mice Using Dorsal Window Chamber Models Applied to Hypoxia, Vasculature and Fluorescent Reporters" Nat. Protoc. 2011, 6, 1355-1366.
  7. Nguyen, N. D.; Zhang, G.; Lu, J.; Sherman, A. E.; Fraser, C. L. "Alkyl Chain Length Effects on Solid-State Difluoroboron β-Diketonate Mechanochromic Luminescence" J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 8409-8415.
  8. Liu, T.; Chien, A. D.; Lu, J.; Zhang, G.; Fraser, C. L. "Arene Effects on Difluoroboron β-Diketonate Mechanochromic Luminescence" J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 8401-8408.
  9. Zhang, G.; Singer, J. P.; Kooi, S. E.; Evans, R. E.; Thomas, E. L.; Fraser, C. L. "Reversible Solid-State Mechanochromic Fluorescence from a Boron Lipid Dye" J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21, 8295-8299.
  10. Palmer, G. M.; Fontanella, A. N.; Zhang, G.; Hanna, G.; Fraser, C. L.; Dewhirst, M. W. "Optical Imaging of Tumor Hypoxia Dynamics" J. Biomed. Opt. 2010, 15, 066021.
  11. Zhang, G.; Xu, S.; Zestos, A. G.; Evans, R. E.; Lu, J.; Fraser, C. L. "An Easy Method to Monitor Lactide Polymerization with a Boron Fluorescent Probe" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2010, 2, 3069-3074.
  12. Kersey, F. R.; Zhang, G.; Palmer, G. M.; Dewhirst, M. W.; Fraser, C. L. "Stereocomplexed PEG-PLA Nanoparticles With Dual Emissive Boron Dyes for Tumor Accumulation" ACS Nano 2010, 4,4989-4996.
  13. Chen, J.; Gorczynski, J. L.; Zhang, G.; Fraser, C. L. "Iron Tris(Dibenzoylmethane-Polylactide)" Macromolecules 2010, 43, 4909-4920.
  14. Contreras, J.; Xie, J.; Chen, Y. J.; Pei, H.; Zhang, G.; Fraser, C. L.; Hamm-Alvarez, S. "Intracellular Uptake and Trafficking of Difluoroboron Dibenzoylmethane-Poly(lactic acid) Nanoparticles in HeLa Cells" ACS Nano 2010, 4, 2735-2747.
  15. Chen, J.; Gorczynski, J. L.; Fraser, C. L. "Iron Tris(Dibenzoylmethane)Centered PCL and PCL-b-PLA Stars from Dual Functional Catalyst-Initiators" Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2010, 211, 1272-1279.
  16. Smith, A. P.; Fraser, C. L. "Polymeric Platinum(II) Bipyridine Dithiolate Complexes: Exploring Influence of Macromolecular Outer Spheres on Solvatochromism with UV-Vis Spectroscopy" Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2010, 211, 1246-1253.
  17. Zhang, G.; Lu, J.; Fraser C. L. "Mechanochromic Luminescence Quenching: Force Enhanced Singlet-to-Triplet Intersystem Crossing for Iodide-Substituted Difluoroboron Dibenzoylmethane-Dodecane in the Solid State" Inorg. Chem. 2010, 49, 10747-10749.
  18. Murray, R. A.; Zhang, G.; Harmata, D.; Neal, R. A.; Botchwey, E. A.; Fraser C. L. "Fabrication and Degradation of Nanofibers Based on Luminescent Boron Dye-PLGA Blends" Ch. 2, In Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering; Kulshrestha, A., Ed.; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society:  Washington, D.C., 2010; Ch. 2, pp. 33-42.
  19. Zhang, G.; Lu, J.; Sabat, M.; Fraser C. L. "Polymorphism and Reversible Mechanochromic Luminescence for Solid-State Difluoroboron Avobenzone" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 2160-2162.
  20. Payne, S. J.; Fiore, G. L.; Fraser, C. L., Demas, J. N. "Luminescence Oxygen Sensor Based on a Ruthenium(II) Star Polymer Complex" Anal. Chem. 2010, 82, 917-921.
  21. Zhang, G.; Evans, R. E.; Campbell, K. A.; Fraser, C. L. "The Role of Boron in the Polymer Chemistry and Photophysical Properties of Difluoroboron Dibenzoylmethane Polylactide" Macromolecules 2009, 42, 8627–8633.
  22. Fraser, C. L.; Zhang, G. "Boron PLA for Oxygen Sensing & Hypoxia Imaging" Mater.Today 2009, 12, 38-40. (invited)
  23. Zhang, G.; Palmer, G. M.; Dewhirst, M. W.; Fraser, C. L. “Dual Emissive Materials Design Concept Enables Tumor Hypoxia Imaging” Nat. Mater. 2009, 8, 747–751.
  24. Zhang, G.; Kim, S. H.; Evans, R. E.; Kim, B. H.; Demas, J. N.; Fraser, C. L. “Luminescent Donor-Acceptor β-Diketones:Modulation of Emission by Solvent Polarity and Group II Metal Binding” J. Fluoresc. 2009, 19, 881-889.
  25. Zhang, G.; Fiore, G. L.; St. Clair, T. L.; Fraser, C. L. “Difluoroboron Dibenzoylmethane PCL-PLA Block Copolymers:  Matrix Effects on Room Temperature Phosphorescence” Macromolecules 2009, 42, 3162–3169.
  26. Zhang, G.; St. Clair, T. L.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis and Fluorescent Properties of Difluoroboron Dibenzoylmethane Polycaprolactone” Macromolecules 2009, 42, 3092–3097.
  27. Fiore, G. L.; Klinkenberg, J. L.; Pfister, A.; Fraser, C. L. “Iron Tris(bipyridine) PEG Hydrogels with Covalent and Metal Coordinate Crosslinks” Biomacromolecules 2009, 10, 128–133.
  28. Fiore, G. L.; Klinkenberg, J. L.; Fraser, C. L. “Iron Tris(bipyridine)-centered PEG-PLA Star Block Copolymers” Macromolecules 2008, 41, 9397-9405.
  29. Fiore, G. L.; Fraser, C. L. “Iron-Centered Star Polymers with Pentablock Bipyridine-Centered PEG-PCL-PLA Macroligands” Macromolecules 2008, 41, 7892-7897.
  30. Pfister, A.; Zhang, G.; Zareno, J.; Horwitz, A. F.; Fraser, C. L. “Boron Polylactide Nanoparticles Exhibiting Fluorescence and Phosphorescence in Aqueous Medium” ACS Nano 2008, 2, 1252-8.
  31. Zhang, G.; Kooi, S. E.; Demas, J. N.; Fraser, C. L. “Emission Color Tuning with Polymer Molecular Weight for Boron Dibenzoylmethane-Polylactide” Adv. Mater. 2008, 20, 2099-104.
  32. Fiore, G. L.; Goguen, B. N.; Klinkenberg, J. L.; Payne, S. J.; Demas, J. N.; Fraser, C. L. “Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Complexes with Sulfur Substituents:  Model Studies for PEG Coupling” Inorg. Chem. 2008, 47, 6532-40.
  33. Fraser, C. L.; Fiore, G. L. “Adapting Polymeric Metal Complexes for Biomedical Applications” In Polymers for Biomedical Application; Kulshrestha, A., Ed.;ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society:  Washington, D.C., 2008; Vol. 977, pp 95-115.
  34. Fiore, G. L.; Edwards, J. M.; Klinkenberg, J. L.; Payne, S. J.; Demas, J. N.; Gioeli, D. G.; Fraser, C. L. “Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine)-centered PEI for Gene Delivery” Biomacromolecules 2007, 8, 2829-35.
  35. Zhang, G.; Chen, J.; Payne, S. J.; Kooi, S. E.; Demas, J. N.; Fraser, C. L. “Multi-Emissive Difluoroboron Dibenzoylmethane Polylactide Exhibiting Intense Fluorescence and Oxygen Sensitive Room Temperature Phosphorescence” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 8942-3.
  36. Smith, A. P.; Savage, S. A.; Love, J. C.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis of 4-, 5-, and 6-Methyl-2,2’-bipyridine by a Negishi Cross-Coupling Strategy: 5-Methyl-2,2’-bipyridine,” in Thematic Collections of Organic Synthesis, Vol. 1, Palladium, Nickel and Iron-Catalyzed Reactions, Danheiser, R., Ed.;Wiley:  New York, 2008. html
  37. Pfister, A.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis and Unexpected Reactivity of Iron Tris(bipyridine) Complexes with Poly(ethylene glycol) Macroligands” Biomacromolecules 2006, 7, 459-68.
  38. Fitz-Gerald, J. M.; Jennings, G.; Johnson, R.; Fraser, C. L. “Matrix Assisted Pulsed Laser Deposition of Light Emitting Polymer Thin Films” Appl. Phys. A 2005, 80, 1109–13.
  39. Gorczynski, J. L.; Chen, J.; Fraser, C. L. “Iron Tris(dibenzoylmethane)-centered Polylactide Stars:  Multiple Roles for the Metal Complex in Lactide Ring Opening Polymerization” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 14956-7.
  40. Johnson, R. M.; Pfister, A.; Fraser, C. L. “A Comparative Study of Polymer Composition, Molecular Weight and Counterion Effects on the Chelation of Bipyridine Macroligands to Iron(II)”; Metal-Containing and Metallo-Supramolecular Polymers and Materials, ACS Symposium Series, Schubert, U. S.; Newkome, G. R.; Manners, I., Eds. American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2006; Vol. 928, pp 17-29.
  41. Bender, J. L.; Shen, Q.-D.; Fraser, C. L. “Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) Macroligands with Beta-diketonate Binding Sites: Synthesis and Coordination Chemistry” Tetrahedron 2004, 60, 7277-85. Invited paper.  Issue honoring Robert H. Grubbs.
  42. Johnson, R. M.; Fraser, C. L. “Metalloinitiation Routes to Biocompatible Poly(lactic acid) and Poly(acrylic acid) Stars with Luminescent Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Cores” Biomacromolecules 2004, 5, 580-8.
  43. Johnson, R. M.; Fraser, C. L. “Iron Tris(bipyridine)-Centered Star Block Copolymers: Chelation of Triblock Macroligands Generated by ROP and ATRP” Macromolecules 2004, 37, 2718-27.
  44. Fraser, C. L.; Smith, A. P “Bipyridines”; Comprehensive Coordination Chemistry II; Meyer, T. J.; McCleverty, J. A., Eds; Elsevier Ltd.:  Oxford, UK,  2004; Vol. 1, Ch. 1, pp. 1-23. (invited)
  45. Smith, A. P.; Fraser, C. L. “Ruthenium-Centered Heteroarm Stars by a Modular Coordination Approach:  Effect of Polymer Composition on Rates of Chelation” Macromolecules 2003, 36, 5520-5.
  46. Smith, A. P.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis of Bipyridine-Centered Diblock Copolymers” Macromolecules, 2003, 36, 2654-60.
  47. Bender, J. L.: Johnson, R. M.; Smith, A. P.; Fraser, C. L. “Metal Complexes with Polymeric Ligands: Modular Synthesis of Multifunctional Materials for Applications in Biomedicine and Nanotechnology” Macromolecular Symposia 2002, 186(1), 161-4.
  48. Smith, A. P.; Fraser, C. L. “Luminescent Polymeric Ruthenium Complexes with Polystyrene-b-Poly(methyl methacrylate) Macroligands: The Sequential Activation of Initiator Sites for Blocks Generated by Parallel Polymerization Mechanisms” J. Polym. Sci. Part A. Polym. Chem. 2002, 40, 4250-5.
  49. Bender, J. L.; Fraser, C. L. “Site Isolated Luminescent Lanthanide Complexes”; ACS Symposium Series Chromogenic Phenomena in Polymers: Tunable Optical Properties.  ACS National Meeting, Orlando, 2002.
  50. Bender, J. L.; Corbin, P. S.; Fraser, C. L.; Metcalf, D. H.; Richardson, F. S.; Thomas, E. L.; Urbas, A. M. “Site-Isolated Luminescent Europium Complexes with Polyester Macroligands:  Metal-Centered Heteroarm Stars and Nanoscale Assembles with Labile Block Junctions” J. Am. Chem. Soc.  2002, 124, 8526-7.
  51. Smith, A. P. Fraser, C. L. “Metal-Centered Heteroarm Polymers: Chelation of Linear Polystyrene-b-Polycaprolactone Subunits with a Bipyridine Donor at the Block Junction” Macromolecules 2002, 35, 594-6.
  52. Park, C.; McAlvin, J. E.; Fraser, C. L.; Thomas, E. L. “Iron Cluster and Microstructure Formation in Metal-Centered Star Block Copolymers:  Metal-Centered Iron Tris(bipyridine)-Centered Polyoxazolines” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 1225-30.
  53. Corbin, P. S.; Webb, M. P.; McAlvin, J. E.; Fraser, C. L.  “Biocompatible Polyester Macroligands:  New Subunits for the Assembly of Star-Shaped Polymers with Luminescent and Cleavable Metal Cores” Biomacromolecules 2001, 2, 223-32.
  54. Wu, X.; Collins, J. E.; McAlvin, J. E.; Cutts, R. W.; Fraser, C. L. “Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine)-Centered Linear and Star-Shaped Polystyrenes:  Making Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) and Metal Complex Initiators Compatible” Macromolecules 2001, 34, 2812-21.
  55. Smith, A. P.; Lamba, J. J. S.; Fraser, C. L. “Efficient Synthesis of Halomethyl-2,2'-Bipyridines” Org. Synth.  2001, 78, 82-90.
  56. Smith, A. P.; Savage, S. A.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis of Methyl-2,2'-bipyridines by a Negishi Cross-Coupling Strategy”  Org. Synth. 2001, 78, 51-62. (Invited submission.)
  57. Johnson, R. M.; Ng, C.; Samson, C. M. C.; Fraser, C. L. “Copper ATRP Catalysts with Quadridentate Amine Ligands:  The Effects of Steric and Electronic Tuning on the Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate” Macromolecules 2000, 33, 8618-28.
  58. Fraser, C. L.; Smith, A. P. “Metal Complexes with Polymeric Ligands: Chelation and Metalloinitiation Approaches to Metal Tris(bipyridine)-Containing Materials” J. Polym. Sci. Part A Polym. Chem. 2000, 38, 4704-16.  (Invited submission associated with NSF US/Japan Symposium on Polymer Synthesis.)
  59. Wu, X.; Fraser, C. L. “The Importance of Macroligand Molecular Weight and Solvent Polarity in Modulating Metal Core Reactivity in Heteroleptic Polymeric Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Complex Synthesis” Macromolecules 2000, 33, 7776-85.
  60. Johnson, R. M.; Corbin, P. S.; Ng, C.; Fraser, C. L. “Poly(methyl methacrylates) with Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Cores via NiBr2(PR3)2-Catalyzed Bulk Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP)” Macromolecules 2000, 33, 7404-12.
  61. Fraser, C. L.; Smith, A. P.; Wu, X. “Metal Template-Assisted Block Copolymer Synthesis:  Use of Solvent Polarity to Control Chain Conformation and Reactivity at the Metal Core” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 9026-7.
  62. McAlvin, J. E.; Scott, S. B.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis of Thermochromic Iron(II) Tris(bipyridine)-Centered Star-Shaped Polyoxazolines and Their Bipyridine-Centered Macroligand Counterparts” Macromolecules 2000, 33, 6953-64.
  63. Wu, X.; Fraser, C. L. “Architectural Diversity Via Metal Template-Assisted Polymer Synthesis:  A Macroligand Chelation Approach to Linear and Star-Shaped Polymeric Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Complexes” Macromolecules 2000, 33, 4053-60.
  64. Smith, A. P.;  Corbin, P. S.; Fraser, C. L. “An Improved Synthesis of Hydroxymethyl Bipyridines”   Tetrahedron Lett.  2000, 41, 2787-9.
  65. Ng, C.; Sabat, M.; Fraser, C. L. “Metal Complexes with Cis a Topology from Stereoselective Quadridentate Ligands with Amine, Pyridine, and Quinoline Donor Groups” Inorg. Chem 1999, 38, 5545-56.
  66. McAlvin, J. E.; Fraser, C. L. “Polymerization of 2-Ethyl-2-oxazoline Using Di-, Tetra- and Hexafunctional Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Metalloinitiators”  Macromolecules 1999, 32, 6925-32.
  67. Collins, J. E.; Lamba, J. J. S.; Love, J. C.; McAlvin, J. E.; Ng, C.; Peters, B. P.; Wu, X.; Fraser, C. L. “Ruthenium(II) a-Diimine Complexes with One, Two and Three 4,4'-Bis(hydroxymethyl)-2,2'-bipyridine and 4,4'-Bis(chloromethyl)-2,2'-bipyridine Ligands:  Useful Starting Materials for Further Derivatization” Inorg. Chem. 1999, 38, 2020-4.
  68. McAlvin, J. E.; Fraser, C. L. “Metal-Centered Star Block Copolymers:  Amphiphilic Iron Tris(bipyridine)-Centered Polyoxazolines and their Chemical Fragmentation to Bipyridine-Centered BAB Triblock Copolymers” Macromolecules 1999, 32, 1341-7.
  69. Savage, S. A.; Smith, A. P.; Fraser, C. L. “Efficient Synthesis of 4-, 5-, and 6-Methyl-2,2'-bipyridine by a Negishi Cross Coupling Strategy Followed by High-Yield Conversion to Bromo- and Chloromethyl-2,2'-bipyridines” J. Org. Chem. 1998, 63, 10048-51.
  70. Collins, J. E.; Fraser, C. L. “Transition Metals as Templates for Multifunctional Initiators:  Bulk Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Styrene Using Di-, Tetra- and Hexafunctional Ruthenium Tris(bipyridine) Reagents” Macromolecules 1998, 31, 6715-7.
  71. Fraser, C. L.; Anastasi, N. R.; Lamba, J. J. S. “Synthesis of Halomethyl and Other Bipyridine Derivatives by Reaction of 4,4'-Bis[(trimethylsilyl)methyl]-2,2'-bipyridine with Electrophiles in the Presence of Fluoride Ion”  J. Org. Chem. 1997, 62, 9314-7.
  72. Lamba, J. J. S.; Fraser, C. L. “Synthesis of Metal-Centered Star-Shaped Polyoxazolines Using Fe(II) and Ru(II) Tris-bipyridine Derivatives as Multifunctional Initiators” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 1801-2.
  73. Fraser, C.; Hillmyer, M. A.; Gutierrez, E.; Grubbs, R. H. “Degradable COD/Acetal Copolymers: Versatile Precursors to 1,4-Hydroxytelechelic Polybutadiene and Hydroxytelechelic Polyethylene” Macromolecules 1995, 28, 7256-61.
  74. Fraser, C.; Grubbs, R. H. “The Synthesis of Glycopolymers of Controlled Molecular Weight Using Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization” Macromolecules  1995, 28, 7248-55.
  75. McCollum, D. G.; Fraser, C.; R. Ostrander, R.; Rheingold, A. L.; Bosnich. B. “Bimetallic Reactivity.  General Synthesis of Binucleating Macrocyclic Ligands Containing 6-Coordinate and 4-Coordinate Sites” Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 2383-92.
  76. Fraser, C.; Ostrander, R.;Rheingold, A. L.; White, C.; Bosnich, B. “Bimetallic Reactivity.  Controlled Synthesis of Monometallic and Homo-Bimetallic and Heterobimetallic Complexes of a Chiral Binucleating Macrocyclic Ligand Bearing 6- and 4-Coordinate Sites” Inorg. Chem. 1994, 33, 324-37.
  77. Fraser, C.; Bosnich, B. “Bimetallic Reactivity.  Investigation of Metal-Metal Interaction in Complexes of a Chiral Macrocyclic Binucleating Ligand Bearing 6-Coordinate and 4-Coordinate Sites” Inorg.Chem. 1994, 33, 338-46.
  78. Fraser, C.; Johnston, L.; Rheingold, A. L.; Haggerty, B. S.; Williams, G. K.; Whelan, J.; Bosnich, B. “Bimetallic Reactivity.  Synthesis, Structure and Reactivity of Homo- and Hetero-Bimetallic Complexes of a Binucleating Macrocyclic Ligand Containing 6- and 4-Coordination Sites”  Inorg. Chem. 1992, 31, 1835-44.