Parallel Workflows for Data Driven Structural Equation Modeling in Functional Neuroimaging

Kenny, S., Andric, M., Boker, S. M., Neale, M. C., Wilde, M., & Small, S. L. (2009) Parallel Workflows for Data–Driven Structural Equation Modeling in Functional Neuroimaging. Frontiers in Neuroscience

This article presents a computational framework suitable for a data-driven approach to structural equation modeling (SEM) and describe several workflows for modeling functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data within this framework. The Computational Neuroscience Applications Research Infrastructure (CNARI) employs a high-level scripting language called Swift, which is capable of spawning hundreds of thousands of simultaneous R processes (R Core Development Team, 2008), consisting of self-contained structural equation models, on a high performance computing system (HPC). These self-contained R processing jobs are data objects generated by OpenMx, a plug-in for R, which can generate a single model object containing the matrices and algebraic information necessary to estimate parameters of the model. With such an infrastructure in place a structural modeler may begin to investigate exhaustive searches of the model space. Specific applications of the infrastructure, statistics related to model fit, and limitations are discussed in relation to exhaustive SEM. In particular, we discuss how workflow management techniques can help to solve large computational problems in neuroimaging.

Frontiers in Neuroscience is an open-access journal, so a PDF of the article can be downloaded for free.

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